How Dental Surgery works?A dental surgery works mainly by removal of infected or damaged teeth and soft tissues as well as replacing the infected tooth with a suitable artificial implant. There are various types of dental surgeries that are used in different cases. Some dental surgeries are aimed to correct damaged or deformed teeth, gums and jaw bone while others are performed to implant artificial prosthetics in order to restore function of the oral components or to improve the appearance.
Dental Surgery proceduresThere are a large number of varied dental surgical procedures that are aimed at achieving different results according to the particular case being treated. These are some of the most common types of dental surgical procedures:
EndodonticsThese types of surgeries involve the pulp or the root of the tooth, such as:
- Root Canal – A root canal treatment may be in the form of a pulpotomy in which the pulp chamber in the tooth is drained of infection while a pulpectomy involves the removal of the pulp temporarily to relieve pain. These procedures are usually done before following them with root canal procedure.
- Apicoectomy – This surgery requires removal of the root-end. In cases where a singular root canal procedure is not enough to relieve pain from the tooth the surgeon will remove the apex (tooth-end) and the infected portion of the tooth along with it.
ProsthodonticsThese surgeries involve using dental prosthetics in order to treat a tooth disorder or to replace a damaged/infected tooth or teeth with dental implants. Examples of prosthodontic surgeries are:
- Crowns – Also known as ‘caps’ these are artificial implants used to cover the tooth and are made from surgical-grade biocompatible materials such as ceramic, metal or combination of ceramic and metal as well as porcelain and gold, tin/aluminum mixture. The tooth to be capped with a crown will need to be reshaped to accommodate the cap perfectly.
- Veneers – These are also artificial implants to cover the tooth but they are fitted in the front of the tooth and are purely aesthetic in function.
- Bridges – These are fixed implants where multiple dental crowns are connected together. This is used typically after a tooth extraction.
- Implants – This surgery requires the surgeon to place a titanium implant first in the jaw bone and allow it to heal for 4-6 months. Then the surgeon will use the titanium implant as a base to fix an artificial tooth with a screw or using a dental adhesive.
- Dentures – Also known as ‘false teeth’, these are complete or partial set of teeth that are usually attached to the surrounding teeth with the help of plastic or metal clamps.
OrthodonticsThese are types of dental surgeries that include operating on the lower or upper jaw bones.
- Extraction – This is a surgical procedure to remove a diseased, useless or troublesome tooth either by pulling it out completely or by cutting it. This is one of the most common dental surgeries.
- Fiberotomy – This surgical procedure is used to remove the fiber around the tooth to prevent it from relapsing.
Who is a candidate for a Dental Surgery?You are a candidate for a dental surgery if you have a tooth problem or a disorder of the gums or the jaw bones. A dental surgery is needed when:
- Surgery can be a chance to save the tooth from various dental diseases
- When there are constant symptoms yet nothing appears on the x-ray the surgeon might perform a surgery to diagnose the possible cause of the pain and to treat the problem as well
- Calcium deposits (plaque) is seen getting deposited in the tooth canal (inner chamber of the tooth) which restricts the use of instruments for non-surgical root canal to access the root then the endodontist may perform a surgery to clean the canal and seal it
- A tooth gets infected even after a previous root canal treatment and starts becoming painful a surgery may be required to save the tooth
- Damaged root surfaces and surrounding bone require a surgery to be treated