Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (PED) – An Overview
A percutaneous endoscopic discectomy, or PED, is a type of spinal surgery that uses minimally invasive endoscopic method to remove a herniated disc material in order to relieve the back pain and discomfort being caused by the pinched nerve in the herniated vertebra.
This is a minimally invasive procedure that requires using an endoscope. This is a surgical device that consists of a system of numerous small and thin flexible tubes. One of these tubes is attached with a cold light-source and a high-definition video camera at its end. The other similar tubes are attached with various special miniaturized surgical instruments that can be used to perform any type of surgical functions.
Need for Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (PED)
A percutaneous endoscopic discectomy is usually required when:
- Diagnostic tests confirm the development of a herniated (bulging) vertebral disc in the spinal column with the spinal fluid still being inside the spinal canal
- Nerve damage and pain are constantly seen for more than 4 weeks even after trying other non-surgical treatment methods
- The symptoms keep worsening and hinder your everyday activities in a significant way
- The signs of nerve damage is increasing with intense bouts of pain in the leg, such as loss of coordination, weakness and numbness
Goal of Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (PED)
The main aim of this surgery is to relieve the pressure from the spinal cord that is being built due to a herniated (bulging) vertebral disc. A bulging vertebral disc can cause undue pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots that are located in the spinal canal, which results in pain and constant discomfort that gets worse over time.
A percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (PED) works by removing the herniated (damaged) disc tissue through:
- Resection (cutting)
- Sucking the central fluid (vacuum device)
- Laser (heat generated destroys the herniated disc material
Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (PED) procedure
A percutaneous endoscopic discectomy is a type of minimally invasive spinal surgery. This surgery requires administering general anesthesia to the patient in order to avoid any kind of discomfort or pain during the surgical procedure.
The orthopedic surgeon will then make a couple of very small (keyhole) incisions in back, just above the herniated disc. These incisions are used to first insert the camera-attached endoscope into the back and guide it to the herniated disc. The attached light-source and the video camera are helpful in providing the orthopedic surgeon with a detailed, magnified and clearer real-time view of the troubled-spot.
The surgeon will then insert the other endoscopic tubes (attached with various surgical instruments) in order to cut, burn or suck out the herniated discs’ excess tissue which is causing the pressure on the spinal cord.
After the surgeon is satisfied that all the abnormal vertebral tissue has been removed and the herniated vertebral disc is going back to its original shape and size, they will remove the endoscope from the body and close the incisions using medical adhesive.
Recovery after Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy
Recovery after a PED procedure is usually faster and the patient is allowed to go home after 3-4 hours post-surgery. As the procedure is performed using minimally invasive surgical procedures the surgical time and the recovery time is shortened considerably.
Risks associated with Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy
As seen in any type of major surgical procedure, the PED procedure also carries certain rare risks that are mainly associated with the surgical aspects of the treatment, such as:
- Infection at incision site
- Internal bleeding (hemorrhaging)
- Blood clot
- Anesthetic reaction
- Possible nerve damage
The doctor will take every possible preventive measure to ensure that the above-mentioned complications do not arise after a percutaneous endoscopic discectomy surgery.
Connect with Travcure for Efficient and Affordable Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy
India is known for its largest and most comprehensive network of world-class hospitals and healthcare facilities that is spread across all its major cities, such as Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc. These advanced healthcare facilities and hospitals are equipped with the best and most modern medical and surgical devices that help the extremely-experienced specialists and doctors to perform various types of procedures with more efficiency and a higher rate of success. Travcure is well-connected with this network of healthcare facilities and is best known for being the only medical tourism company in the country that offers each patient a unique and bespoke percutaneous endoscopic discectomy surgery package that promises to the be most effective and affordable.