What is Alzheimer’s disease (AD)?
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of progressive brain disease that results in adversely affecting the patient’s memory, behavior and other normal vital functions. This disease basically causes the death of healthy nerve cells in the brain.
Who is at Risk of getting Alzheimer’s disease?
Although the exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not known there are certain risk factors that have been identified which are responsible for getting this brain disease.
These are the risk factors related to the development of Alzheimer’s disease in a person:
Age – Advancing age is the main risk factor found to influence the development of Alzheimer’s disease in a person. This disease is most commonly found affecting people over the age of 80 years.
Genetics – There is also a genetic factor found to be responsible for the development of Alzheimer’s in a person. This genetic mutation (disorder) causes Alzheimer’s to develop at an earlier age, around 70 years of age.
Estrogen – Women have been found to be at a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s and this is attributed towards the role of estrogen in the body. Most women who have been taking post-menopausal estrogen supplements are at more risk of developing Alzheimer’s at an early age too.
Other smaller risk factors may include:
- High Blood Pressure
- Heart Disease
- Increased Blood Cholesterol levels
- Down syndrome
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?
These are the common signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease:
- Memory loss
- Normal everyday tasks become difficult to perform
- Social interaction/communication problems
- Disorientation bouts
- Poor/decreased judgment
- Vision problems
- Problem solving difficulties
- Erratic mood/behavioral changes
- Loss of motivation/initiative
How is Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed?
Alzheimer’s disease is usually diagnosed when:
- Person shows distinct cognitive decline
- Clinical symptoms are in line with that of Alzheimer’s
- No presence of underlying brain disease or disorder that could be causing the symptoms
How is Alzheimer’s disease treated?
The treatment for Alzheimer’s disease consists of certain medicinal and non-medicinal treatment methods.
The main treatment for Alzheimer’s is done using these treatment methods:
Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
These are used to increase the lowered level of the acetylcholine, a brain chemical neurotransmitter. The neurotransmitter act as chemical messengers between various nerves and are important for the brain and nervous system to carry out its functions.
Partial glutamate antagonists
The glutamate is a major excitatory neurotransmitter and excess of this chemical in the brain may cause deterioration in the nerve cells and cause brain problems. This treatment uses medicinal drugs that act by partially lowering the effect of glutamate to activate the nerve cells.
Treating psychotic symptoms
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s, such as depression, agitation, hallucinations, lowered IQ, sleeping disorders and anxiety, etc are treated by certain non-medicinal treatment methods. At times, medication is also advised in combination with these treatments to treat the psychotic problems effectively and completely.
Why choose Travcure for Alzheimer’s disease treatment in India?
India is known for having the largest network of global-class hospitals and clinics that are spread across all its major cities, making it additionally convenient for traveling for treatment to India. These are modern and highly-advanced medical and healthcare facilities that are equipped with the best and most affordable medical equipments and technology. Travcure is the leader in providing convenient and effective medical treatment and care at the most affordable cost to the patient. Travcure provides each patient with the most advanced, effective and budget-friendly Alzheimer’s disease treatment in India.