The robotic heart surgery is also known as the ‘closed-chest heart surgery’ is a form of advanced minimally invasive surgical methods that is used to perform cardiac surgeries. This is an elaborate system of advanced robotics that used a specially-designed console to view the surgical site and use the multiple robotic limbs to perform the required surgery through using incisions that are smaller than even those needed for normal minimally invasive (keyhole) heart surgery.
Robotic Surgical system
The ultra-modern robotic surgical system consists of three main components:
- Viewing Console – A 3-D view of the surgical site is provided by the multiple cameras and advanced imaging technology used in this system that gives detailed image with the magnified and high-resolution video images.
- Surgical Limbs – This system has thin robotic arms that are designed to perfectly mimic the movements of the human hand, wrist and finger. This allows dexterous and an extended range of motions which can be performed by the robotic surgical limbs.
- Control Panel – This system is operated using a master control that allows the surgeon to control the movements of the instruments into more precise and controlled form.
How is Robotic Heart Surgery performed?
The robotic heart surgery is a form of advanced minimally invasive (keyhole) heart surgery that is performed using highly-advanced technology incorporating the intricacies of the visual and surgical technologies into one single package.
The surgery begins with making three very small (keyhole) incisions in the space between the ribs on the side of the chest. The surgeon will use the control panel to insert the robotic limb with the attached camera into one of the incisions to access your heart and get a clear view of it. The viewing console consists of bifocal lenses that display clear and magnified 3-D images from the video camera. Foot pedals are used to control the movements of the camera precisely to allow the surgeon ease of viewing the surgical site as required.
The surgeon uses the special controls (joysticks) on the control panel to manipulate the endoscopic (miniaturized) surgical instruments into one of the incisions using more precision than humanly possible.
After the surgery is completed the surgeon will remove all the endoscopic instruments and close the tiny incision wounds with small bandages as these do not require sutures.
What are the advantages of Robotic Heart Surgery?
As compared to the conventional open-type heart (cardiac) surgery methods the robotic heart surgery has several advantages, such as:
- Smaller incisions
- Minimal/no scarring
- Less trauma
- Less pain
- Short hospital stay
- Decreased requirement of pain medication
- Less bleeding
- Decreased infection risk
What are the risks of Robotic Heart Surgery?
As is seen in any case of a major surgery the robotic heart surgery also carries certain risks. The risks are usually related to your age, overall health status and other prevalent medical conditions. Your doctor will inform you of all possible risks and their preventive methods that will be adopted to ensure a successful and efficient robotic heart surgery.