African countries, including Egypt are having one of the highest prevalence of congenital heart diseases in children and young adults. Data from studies conducted from the African continent highlight this fact including pointing out that congenital heart disease burden is underestimated due to poor outcome of the disease among African children. The report also stressed that there is an urgent need to establish comprehensive healthcare service frameworks in order to improve access and level of care to patients alongside educational programs which should be designed to reinforce importance of prevention and early diagnosis. Significant risk factors for development of congenital heart diseases which were identified include positive consanguinity, older paternal age at birth, female sex hormones, diabetes, hazardous maternal occupation, irradiation and positive family history.
Most Common Types of Congenital Heart Diseases
Some portion of the heart is defective at birth and therefore does not function properly for babies with congenital heart diseases. Eventually, congenital heart diseases affect the normal flow of blood through the heart. There are several types of congenital heart diseases affecting infants. While holes in the heart wall are most common, there are others which are more complex and serious. Atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects are the two common examples of holes in the heart and which allow blood from right and left side of the patient’s heart to intermix.
- Atrial Septal Defects – Atrial septal defects are holes in the septum separating the atrial upper chambers of the heart. Atrial septal defects allow the oxygen-rich blood from left atrium to flow into the right atrium. Normally, this blood is supposed to flow into the left ventricle. Atrial septal defects can be small in size, medium or large. While small atrial septal defects close on their own, some others may not display any symptoms. However, medium and large atrial septal defects which can cause symptoms will require children to undergo ASD closure surgery for their well-being.
- Ventricular Septal Defects – Ventricular septal defects are holes in the heart wall which occur within the lower ventricle chambers of the heart. Ventricular septal defects faultily allow oxygen-rich blood to from left ventricle into right ventricle instead of moving into the aorta and out into the body as it normally should. Ventricular septal defects can also be small, medium or large in size. Smaller sized ventricular septal defects do not cause any problems and may often close on their own. However, the medium and large sized ventricular septal defects which cause symptoms require VSD closure surgery to rectify the problem and establish proper flow of blood within the heart chambers.
VSD and ASD Closure Surgery in India is Affordable
VSD and ASD closure surgery in India is an affordable option for patients from all around the world who are concerned about the rising cost of healthcare services within their country and are therefore seeking good quality of medical procedures in foreign countries at reasonable costs. India is a leading global medical tourism destination and features a large pool of expert pediatric cardiac surgeons who are adept at performing the most complex heart operations. Alongside this, the country maintains an extensive network of nationally and internationally accredited multispecialty hospital facilities fitted with an up-to-date state-of-the-art technology in order to deliver successful outcomes. Apart from this, the best VSD and ASD closure surgery in India is most competitive and reasonably priced. In fact, overseas patients can save substantial amounts of their money by seeking VSD and ASD closure surgery in India.
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