A green light laser prostate surgery is one of the minimally invasive treatment procedures that is useful in relieving the painful and discomforting symptoms indicated due to the presence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is a condition indicated by abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland in men.
A benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes the prostate to get abnormally large in size which causes undue pressure on the urethra (urine passageway) and results in various urinary problems. A green light laser surgery for prostate helps remove these painful and discomforting symptoms caused by BPH.
When is a Green Light Laser treatment for Prostate required?
Prostate laser surgery treatment is helpful in reducing a large number of various urinary problems especially those caused by a benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH causes the prostate to get enlarged which causes compression of the urinary passage (urethra) and results in several urinary problems.
The symptoms include:
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty in passing urine while standing
- Prolonged urination
- Increased urination frequency
- Flow fluctuation while urinating
- Incomplete bladder relief
- UTI (urinary tract infection)
When any of these symptoms are seen a green light laser therapy is used to relieve the resultant complications such as:
- Recurring UTI
- Kidney/bladder damage
- Incontinence/urinary retention problems
- Bladder stones
- Recurring blood in urine
What is a Green Light Laser treatment procedure?
A green light laser treatment for prostate in a minimally invasive treatment method that is used to treat a number of complications arising due to a benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) which causes the prostate to get abnormally enlarged and results in several painful and disabling symptoms.
The green light laser treatment for prostate is a short procedure and requires around 30-60 minutes of surgical time. This treatment is performed under general anesthesia to prevent any kind of discomfort to the patient. The surgery begins with the surgeon inserting a cystoscope (thin and rigid fiber-optic surgical tube) through the penis till the prostate gland. This cystoscope is attached with a light-source and a video camera to allow the surgeon in getting a better view of the enlarged prostate as well as to target the green laser light beam more accurately on to the enlarged prostate.
The surgeon will use a cystoscope in accessing the enlarged prostate so as to avoid making incisions in the abdomen. This cystoscope is then used to aim the green light laser device on to the enlarged prostate. Waves of high-frequency laser light are targeted at the enlarged prostate which eventually causes the prostate tissue to get vaporized.
After the prostate tissue is destroyed (or cut) with the laser beam the size of the prostate gets reduced to normal dimensions and the pressure on the urethra is also relieved thereby removing any obstruction in the urethra being caused by the blocked urethra. In case the prostate tissues that are cut are larger in size the surgeon will use specialized medical instruments to remove these tissues from the bladder. The surgeon might place a urinary catheter to the bladder in order to allow normal urination due to swelling in the urethra which is obstructing the normal passage of the urine from the body.
What are the advantages of a Green Light Laser treatment for Prostate?
The green light laser for prostate is one of the most convenient and efficient methods to relieve painful symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate gland in men.
As compared to other traditional treatment methods such as ‘transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) the green light laser for prostate treatment is advantageous over them, because of:
- Low bleeding risk – In case the patient affected with an enlarged prostate is on blood-thinning medications for other medical conditions then this treatment method for BPH (enlarged prostate) is ideal form of treatment for them.
- Short hospital stay – Most of the green light laser treatment procedures are performed as an outpatient procedure but might require a mere overnight stay in the hospital in few cases. Other prostate treatment methods require an extended hospital stay after the treatment procedure.
- Faster recovery – Recovery from a green light laser treatment for prostate is significantly faster than as compared to other enlarged prostate treatment methods.
- Swifter results – Improvement in urinary symptoms is more noticeable immediately after a laser surgery than after a traditional treatment method which results in considerably slower results.
What are the risks associated with a Green Light Laser treatment for Prostate?
The risk of complications resulting from a green light laser treatment for prostate is far less than that seen after a conventional enlarged prostate treatment method.
Risks of green light laser surgery for prostate may include:
- Temporary urinating difficulty – A few days might be painful during urinating after the procedure and the surgeon will address this problem with the use of a urinary catheter to help urinate normally.
- UTI (urinary tract infection) – This is a common complication seen in most prostate treatment procedures. The longer the catheter is in place the higher is the risk of acquiring an infection in the urinary tract.
- Stricture (narrowing) of the Urethra – Scar tissues on the inside of the urethra may be formed after enucleation or ablation of an enlarged prostate resulting in narrowing (obstructing) of the urethra in such places.
Other minor risks and complications are avoided y using every possible preventive measure available.