A uterine cancer is a form of cancer that affects the tissue cells in the woman’s uterus while cervix (cervical) cancer is a type of cancer that is known to affect the cervix located in the abdominal cavity behind the pubic hairline.
Uterus (uterine) cancer is also known as ‘womb’ cancer and originates in the tissue cells of the uterus. This type of cancer is found to result in excessive growth of the cells in the uterine tissues which causes formation of small and often large-sized tumors within the uterus. It can also refer to several different types of cancers.
Cervical (cervix) cancer is a type of cancer that is found to affect a woman’s cervix which is located behind the pubic hairline in the abdominal cavity. This type of cancer causes visible signs and symptoms and needs adequate treatment method for treatment.
What are the causes of Uterus Cervix Cancer?
Although scientists have not been able to positively identify the sole cause for uterine and cervical cancer there are certain risk factors that are known to increase the chances of developing these cancers significantly, such as:
- Abnormal endometrium growth – An abnormal rise in the number of cells in the inner lining of the uterus and the cervix has been identified as a risk factor for causing uterine and cervical cancers. Commonly seen signs of this abnormal tissue growth inside the uterus and the cervix may include heavy menstrual flow, bleeding between periods and bleeding after achieving menopause. A hysterectomy may be advised to remove the complete uterus, or a hormone therapy may be used, to treat this cancer and prevent it from developing and spreading in the future.
- Obesity – Women with obesity problems are more at risk of developing uterine and cervical cancer.
- Menstrual and reproductive history – Women who started menstruating before the age of 12 years or who go through menopause after the age of 55 years are likely to develop cervical or uterine cancers.
- Hereditary – A woman with a previous case of uterine cancer in the immediate family is at an increased risk of developing cervical and uterine cancers.
What are the signs and symptoms of Uterus and Cervix Cancer?
There are certain commonly seen signs and symptoms that strongly indicate towards the presence of a uterine or a cervical cancer in you.
These are the visible signs and symptoms that may point towards the development of uterine or cervical cancer in India:
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
- Foul-smelling discharge from the vagina
- Painful/difficult urination
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Constant pelvic pain
- Loss of appetite
- Back pain
- Leg pain
- Urine leakage from vagina
What are the treatment methods for Uterus and Cervix Cancers?
There are a number of different methods and approaches that are regularly used to treat cervical and uterine cancers. The exact type of treatment methods that will suit your individual case depends on several factors such as your age, overall health, medical history and the type and severity of the cancer as well as your oncologists’ experience.
The oncologist/doctor will take into consideration several factors such as:
- Whether tumor has invaded uterine muscle layers
- Whether tumor has metastasized (spread) to other parts of the body
- The stage of the tumor
A multi-disciplinary team of medical experts and specialists will handle your individual cancer case through detailed diagnosis and tests to determine the best course of treatment for you.
These are the various cancer treatment methods that may be used to treat cervical or uterine cancers:
This is one of the most common treatment methods for uterine and cervical cancers. This method is more reliable in removing the abnormal growth as much as possible or even completely if possible. This is a major type of surgical procedure and is performed under general anesthesia to the patient.
This method usually removes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus and some of the surrounding tissues including lymph nodes and part of the vagina in order to prevent the cancer from recurring in the future.
Although there are certain risks of complications that may arise after a surgical treatment for uterus and cervix cancers the surgeon will take every possible precaution to avoid any such complications from arising.
This cancer treatment method is helpful in treating all stages of uterine and cervical cancers in women. This method may be used before a surgery to reduce the size of the abnormal growth (tumor) in the cervix or the uterus or can be used after surgery to remove any remnants of the surgically removed cancerous cells in the uterus or the cervix.
This cancer treatment method uses a high-energy beam of x-ray or other particles. The radiation device can be used to target only the cancer-affected region of the uterus and cervix and destroy the cancerous cells with high doses of intense radiation.
Radiation therapy may be given using the ‘external radiation method’ where a large machine is used to direct the beams of radiation on to the cancerous region (uterus and cervix) and involves multiple sessions of treatment of a few minutes each. Another technique for radiation therapy involves placing a device with a narrow cylinder in the vagina and loading the device with a radioactive substance.
Chemotherapy is another method of cancer treatment that uses medicinal drugs to destroy the cancer cells or affect their ability to reproduce and divide. This method is commonly used after surgical cancer treatment to prevent recurrence of uterine or cervical cancer. Chemotherapy may also be used as a sole cancer treatment method in case the cancer in the uterus or the cervix cannot be removed with surgery.
This therapy generally requires administering a single or a combination of medicinal drugs into the bloodstream using intravenous method and is given in short cycles with rest periods in between.
Uterus Cervix Cancer Treatment in India
There is a large network of multi-specialty hospitals and oncology-specialty clinics spread over all the major Indian cities. This large network of healthcare facilities has the best and most modern medical and surgical equipments for ensuring that each patient gets the most adequate and advanced treatment. These cancer-specialty hospitals and clinics are managed by only the most experienced and well-trained medical specialists and healthcare professionals. India is the choice of thousands of foreign nationals who visit it each year to get the best and most affordable uterus and cervix cancer treatment.