Colon & rectum are the endpoints of the large intestine. Cancer that affects colon is called Colon Cancer. If it affects both colon & rectum then it is called colorectal cancer . This cancer is the 3rd leading cause of concern in men & 4th leading cause in women. When localised to bowel region this cancer is often curable & very much treatable. With surgery chances of life expectancy is more, however reoccurrence following surgery can be fatal & often causing death.
What Is Colon Cancer?
This cancer starts from the inner wall of large intestine which begins as a small polyp. These abnormal cells have the ability to spread to the other parts of body. Also gastrointestinal stromal tumours can occur in the colon. The polyps can be detected with the regular screening or colonoscopy or done by barium enema with biopsy confirmation of cancer tissue.
Causes of Colon Cancer
The leading cause of colon cancer is genetics i.e. this group accounts for 25% of colorectal cancers since it includes familial polyposis, hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome variants I & II, history of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s colitis & history of ovarian, endometrial, or breast cancer.
Colon Cancer Symptoms
Colon cancer symptoms are -
- Change in bowel habits
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Unable to empty bowel completely
- An urgency to move bowels
- Rectal cramping or bleeding
- Dark patches of blood in or on stool
- Long, thin, "pencil stools"
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Pelvic pain
Types of Colon Cancer
The most common type of colon cancer is Adenocarcinoma. It is an intestinal gland cells cancer which represent more than 95 percent of colon & rectal cancers.
Types of Adenocarcinoma
- Mucinous Adenocarcinoma where 60% is mucus & account for 10 - 15 percent of all colon & rectal adenocarcinomas.
- Signet Ring Cell Adenocarcinoma is typically aggressive difficult to treat & accounts for less than one percent of adenocarcinomas.
Other Colon Cancer Types
- Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors
- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
- Primary Colorectal Lymphoma
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Treatment Options & Procedure for Colon Cancer
Colon cancer treatment in India depends on the stage of the diseases in spite of the shape and size of the tumor. Various treatment options are available to cure the colon cancer like-
This is the most common treatment for colorectal cancer and is known as surgical resection. The procedure includes removal of colon tumor and nearby lymph nodes.
The high-energy x-rays are used to destroy the cancer cells in radiation therapy. The beam of high-energy rays is focused on the tumor to kill the cancer cells of the tumor without affecting the surrounding tissues and cells.
The cancer cells are destroyed using drugs which stop the growing and dividing ability of the cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given through pills and capsules that are swallowed or through the intravenous tube placed into the vein.
This treatment targets the cancer-specific genes, proteins or the tissue environment that contributes the growth of cancer and survival. The procedure blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting the damage to the healthy ones.
Cost of Colon Cancer Treatment
Everything about a cancer is expensive no matter if it is in terms of finance, emotions, mental strength or the courage to fight the disease. The increasing cost cancer drugs and treatments are quite irritating. The cost of colon cancer treatment isn’t just affecting the patients and their families but also the society. If the patients are global, they would be spending somewhere about 60-70% more than Indian counterparts for the whole procedure. India is among a few inexpensive destinations of the world for cancer treatment. The patients have to choose smartly between more successful expensive treatments and less effective affordable treatments. Cancer affects people far more financially than they usually realize. India is the one stop solution for low-cost affordable treatment for colon cancer and with passing time it is emerging as a prime destination for medical tourism due to its positive outcomes. Making a smart move while choosing the hospital, country, doctor and insurance policy can allow the patient to get treated in fair amount without hampering the financial and personal life.
Benefits of Colon Cancer Treatment
Surgery, chemotherapy & radiotherapy are the main treatment options for Colon Cancer. In surgery there is complete removal of colon cancer for relieving its symptoms. It is the most effective treatment for early stage colon cancers to increase life expectancy. Chemotherapy & radiation will kill or shrink the growth of cancer or extend & improve overall patient’s quality of life.
Why People Choose India for Colon Cancer Treatment?
India is a favoured destination for all types of surgeries right from traditional to minimal invasive. Medical facilities & laboratories here have set-up modern computerized equipments so as to perform expert diagnostics & surgeries. There are many premium, accredited & super specialty hospitals with state-of-the-art infrastructure. Overall, surgery along with post-operative care, costs are quite affordable in India. Doctors are highly trained in various types of surgical procedures. Hospital staff attends patients round the clock & keep check of all their medical needs.
Find the Best Colon Cancer Treatment & Surgery in India
Travcure helps you find the best colon & rectal cancer treatment & surgical solution in India. We provide outstanding medical facilities & cost effective treatment packages from top healthcare giants like Apollo, Fortis, Max Healthcare & many more. We have access to top-notch oncologists & colorectal cancer experts. We always ensure that you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of treatments & services.