Brain Tumour or tumor is an abnormal growth of mass or tissue or cells which serves no purpose. It is also known by the name “neoplasm” which can be solid or fluid-filled in texture. A tumor is classified according to its shape and the kind of tissue they appear in. Tumor interrupts the cycle of cells regeneration and can quickly grow in any part of the body.The types are benign tumor, malignant tumors, in situ neoplasms and uncertain kind of tumors.‘Tumor’ as a term is used by doctors when they talk about any formed lump. A big lump or mass is nearly 20 mm in diameter and its nodule less than 20 mm, at its widest points.
Malignant Tumour and a Benign Tumour
The outlook of benign tumors (non-cancerous) is good, whereas malignant tumors are risky and sometimes life threatening because they may press vital structures such as blood vessels or nerves. Malignant cancer cells spread rapidly but benign tumor doesn’t attack nearby cells. Pre-cancerous tumors need immediate attention and treatment to stop it from growing or spreading in the body.Tumor forms due to various factors like environmental toxins or radiation, genetics, diet, stress, local trauma or injury, inflammation or certain infection.If benign tumor is surgically removed then it does not come back. Malignant cells may relocate from original place to another and spread in other organs or bones too. They continue to grow and form another tissue at that location. It is also known as metastasis or secondary cancer. To kills cancerous cells traditional chemotherapy and radiation therapyis done.
The types of Benign tumor are:
The types of Pre-malignant tumor types are:
- Actinic keratosis
- Dysplasia of the cervix
- Metaplasia of the lung
The types of Malignant tumor types are:
- Germ cell tumor
Symptoms of Brain Tumour
Primary brain tumor starts in the brain itself and can be benign or malignant. If malignant tumorstarts elsewhere in the body and ends up growing in brain cells then it is called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.The symptoms entirely depend upon the size, type, and location of the tumor. Tumor presses down nerve in the brain, it can also block the brain fluid, or it can cause brain to swell. Various symptoms are:
- Changes in speech, vision, or hearing
- Problem in balancing or walking
- Alterations in mood, personality, or concentration
- Problems with memory or loss of memory
- Muscle jerking or twitching
- Seizures or convulsions
- Numbness or tingling effect in the arms or legs
Diagnosis of Brain Tumours
Neuro-oncologist will ask about the symptoms and previous history. Based on that, physical & neurological examination is done. CT (CAT) scan or MRI, Angiogram or MRA and biopsy are done to confirm the growth of the tumor. Biopsy isa medical procedure to determine the characteristics of a tumori.e. malignant or benign. A brain tumor tissue sample is sent to the laboratory for microscopic examinations. The types of biopsies are:
- Excisional biopsy where entire tumor is surgically removed
- Incisional (core) biopsy: a part is removed
- Needle aspiration biopsy: with the help of a needle fluid or tissue sample is removed
Brain tumor is classified as non glioma and glioma/ primary tumor. Glioma is very common and grows from a supportive brain cell called ‘glial cell’ or emerges from the brain and central nervous system cells. Those supportive glial cells are astrocytes &oligodendrocytes and glioma can be one of them or combination of both.
- Mixed gliomas
- Brain stem glioma
Non-glioma tumors arises from non-supportive cells of the brain and spinal cord or meninges layer.
- Pineal gland and pituitary gland tumors
- Primary CNS lymphoma
- Acoustic schwannoma
Brain Tumor Treatment COST In India
India is undeniably one of the most favorite destinations for medical tourism as it provides affordable healthcare solutions which are at par with the best in the world. Brain tumor treatment cost in India is very affordable as compared to any other country. Brain tumor surgery success rate in India is also very high. Availability of Qualified and experienced surgeons with best healthcare facilities adds to the success rate of Brain tumor surgeries performed in India.
How can Brain Tumours be Treated?
There is a specialist team comprising neuro-oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, neuropsychologists and other specialists who will help you in treating brain cancer. With craniotomy skull is opened to make an incision and to remove a piece of skull bone. Tumor is removed from the possible or reachable locations.Sometimes after the surgery some cancerous cells may be left out so they can also be killed with chemotherapy and radiation. If unable to reach then Gamma Knife therapyor cyberknife radiation therapyis done, or traditional chemotherapy & radiation therapyis performed to shrink and kill the cancerous cells. However, there are chances the healthy tissuemay get damagedduring this treatment. In such cases, rehabilitation helps in regaining strength & balance and which also helps in managing day-to-day activities.
Gamma Knife therapy and Cyberknife radiation therapy costs less in India compared to western countries. Travcure helps in finding the best certified oncologist/ neurosurgeon and clinics which provide you with the latest surgery procedures. Our renowned and state of the art hospitals comprise advanced technology and pool of medical experts. We arrange medical travel, stay, and treatment along with exotic location tourism at very affordable prices.[free_quotes_and_consultation]