The human anatomy has been at the center of research for as long as one started to understand that whatever medical complications are faced by the folks are due to some or the other reason and can be cured through proper diagnosis and treatment. This came as an opposing truce than the obsolete concept of divine reasons for the deterioration of the health in the humans. Gradually the obsolete beliefs have been driven out or at least minimized in order to make ample space for the medical intervention for the ailing individuals. This has come up as a boon for the human race as it led to huge advancements in the medical field and now we have the cures for most of the issues that one can face in the lifetime. One of the most commonly seen ailments in the last century was complication regarding the pituitary gland. A lot of work has been done in this regard to the order that presently most of the related complications stand defeated at the hands of the humans.
What is Pituitary Gland?
In humans, pituitary gland forms the part of the neurological system. It is located at the posterior portion of the brain, right at the bottom of the hypothalamus. This gland is normally of the size of the pea and weighs around 0.5 grams. This gland is divided into three parts, namely anterior, intermediate and posterior. All these portions have certain dedicated responsibilities in maintaining the regular and normalized functioning of the body parts. This endocrine gland releases hormones that are directly or indirectly involved in most of the movement related functions of the limbs. Secretion of hormones is distinctly controlled by hypothalamus.
Functions of the Pituitary Gland
This gland has many pretty significant functions. The hormonal secretions play a decisive role in maintaining sound pregnancy condition in women. As the child is born, the cell division takes place at a rapid and accelerated pace which needs to be controlled. Pituitary gland is responsible for controlling the growth hormones in humans. In case of improper functioning of the gland, the individual ends of growing irregularly and in most of the cases height increases abnormally or the size and shape of the limbs are inappropriate. The gland has direct say in controlling blood pressure and also certain functionaries of the sex organs. Alongside these more pronounced functions; pituitary gland also helps in regulating salt-water concentration in the kidneys, relieving pain and temperature regulation of the body as the humans are cold blooded in nature.
What is Pituitary Gland Tumor
The endocrine cells in the pituitary gland sometimes tend to grow uncontrollably. These previously healthy cells in course of their uncontrolled growth bundle up to form a lump around this endocrine gland. This lump is what is termed as the tumor. This tumor can be malignant or benign in nature. In case of malignancy, it spreads around the surrounding portions of the body. As per benign character, the tumor may increase in size and overwhelm the gland but does not spread to the other regions. Usually tumors in pituitary gland show benign character. These tumors can’t be classified under brain tumors as the gland is situated below the brain and not actually a part of brain.
The problem with diagnosing the complications regarding pituitary gland is that the symptoms are generally so commonplace that the patients usually end up avoiding them. Some of the common symptoms are listed below.
- Persistent headache for a continued long timeframe.
- Issues with vision like blurring and partial or complete lose of peripheral vision.
- Inappropriate enlarging of arms, legs or face.
- Abrupt changes in menstrual cycles of women.
- Uncontrolled production of breast milk.
- Infertility in certain cases is due to the tumors in pituitary gland.
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This is the tricky part as correct diagnosis is important to ensure that apt treatment is carried out. Biopsy is the most common method of diagnosis but usually doctors go for at least double check before commencing any treatment on the patients. Some of the diagnosis techniques include MRI, Neurological examination, Visual Field examination and CT scan. All these methods give results that come in handy for the medicos in comprehending the actual course of action for treatment of the patient.
Below are listed some of the most commonly used methodologies for treating tumor in pituitary gland.
- Surgery: This is the most obvious way. The rate of success is high and the risk factor is minimal in this case.
- Radiation therapy: This method is used generally in the cases when the size of tumor is large and surgery can be endangering for the patient.
- Hormonal Replacement Therapy: It includes practically replacing or replenishing the hormone secretion in order to correct the irregularities in the hormone secretion naturally.
- Drug Therapy: This is usually a compounding therapy used pre-surgery or radiation therapy to reduce the size of the tumor. Sometimes it can clear out whole of the tumor by itself.
Why Come to India for the Treatment of Pituitary Gland Related Ailments?
The Indian folks have been conventionally one of the hardest hit from the pituitary gland related medical problems, therefore, the adjoining governments have made it a point to give it preference such that today India has become one of the biggest hubs providing relief to the patients and that too at the expenses that are unheard in other parts of the world. This is due to the developed infrastructure in this regard as well as the subsidies provided by the government which makes it easier for the patients to get best in line treatment at relatively affordable prices.
To make the process more accessible and convenient, we at Travcure provide you a one stop solution to your treatment. From a comfortable stay to after treatment care, we take care of all the stages while you undergo the pituitary gland tumor treatment without any stress and hassle.