What is a Facelift surgery?A facelift surgery is a form of cosmetic surgery that helps in removing signs of aging and also in removing unwanted blemish that you might feel is diminishing the aesthetic appeal of your face. The procedure entails removing excessive and sagging skin from the forehead to the lower part of your chin. It also involves lifting the underlying muscle tissues of the skin as well as tightening the remaining skin over your face and the neck. This procedure aims to rejuvenate your face and give you a youthful and fresh appearance.
How is a Facelift procedure performed?There are a few different ways for a facelift procedure depending on the types of incisions used, extent of invasiveness as well as the region of the face that is being operated on. The cosmetic surgeon will take into account certain factors – age, expectations on the result, estimated recovery time, improvement required – to suggest the best method suitable for you. In a conventional facelift surgery the surgeon
- Will make an incision from the front part of the earlobe to the back of the ear till the hairline.
- Will detach the skin from the underlying tissues using a scalpel or surgical scissors.
- Will then tighten the underlying SMAS tissues with sutures. Sometimes the surgeon might be required to remove these facial suspension tissues.
- Will remove the excess skin which is sagging.
- Will then close the incisions using staples or sutures.
SMAS LiftThe Superficial Musculo Aponeurotic System (SMAS) layer of tissue made of suspension ligaments that lie under the cheek to stabilize them in a normal position. The tightening of this SMAS layer can help by removing their laxity and thus giving the face a wrinkle-free look.
Deep Plane FaceliftThis technique is useful in making the nasolabial region more pronounced.
Composite FaceliftThis procedure requires repositioning a deeper layer of facial tissues along with increasing their mobilization ability.
Mid-FaceliftThis surgery is performed to change the appearance of a flat cheek region if the person does not wish to undergo a complete facelift procedure. This is considered a better option for people with sagging cheeks and extra skin folds seen in the nasolabial region. This gives the person an improved nose and mouth contour as well as enhances the roundness in the cheek.
Mini FaceliftThis is the minimal invasive cosmetic procedure and is similar in nature to a full facelift. However, it does not include neck lift as part of the procedure. This is a better option for people who want to improve the nasolabial folds and sagging lower facial features (below the neck to the lower chin). This surgery is performed with an endoscope which leaves lesser scarring as well shorten the recovery time period.
Thread LiftAlso known as a ‘feather lift’ it is also a minimally invasive procedure to make minor improvements in the forehead, eye and the nasolabial region. It does not require the skin to be removed but uses a set of fine surgical threads and barbs to tighten the skin and hold it in position.
Skin-only FaceliftThis procedure tightens only the skin of the face and does not shift the SMAS or other underlying muscle layers and tissues. This is however not suitable for aged patients as the skin loses laxity with age and is a temporary facelift procedure lasting up to 6-12 months.
What are the risks or complications associated with a Facelift procedure?These are a few complications that might be seen in a few and rare cases after a facelift surgery:
- Facial nerves damage
- Necrosis of the skin flap
- Infection of the facial skin