What is an Angioplasty procedure?
An angioplasty procedure (or balloon angioplasty) is used to increase the diameter of a constricted artery or a vein that has become obstructed mainly due to arterial atherosclerosis. This is an ‘endovascular’ minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a deflated balloon attached to the end of a catheter (balloon catheter) is inserted in the obstructed vein or artery till the point of obstruction and inflated to return the narrowed artery or vein to its normal size. This narrowing of the blood vessel is known as ‘stenosis’ and it causes a decrease in the normal blood flow leading to major heart diseases and other disorders.
The widening of the stenosis helps increase the blood flow to normal levels and decreases the risk of any resultant medical problems. This procedure is often followed by the placement of a ‘stent’ to hold the widened blood vessel portion to the normal size.
What are the different uses of the Angioplasty procedure?
The angioplasty procedure is used to treat various kinds of vascular (blood vessel) disorders. The different types of angioplasty procedures are:
The coronary angioplasty procedure is also known as the ‘percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is used as a therapeutic procedure for the treatment of coronary heart disease caused by stenosis (narrowing) of the coronary arteries of the heart. Excess depositing of cholesterol-laden plaques causes the arteries to become narrow at the deposit site. The treatment of coronary heart disease through the using of the PCI procedure decreases chest pain.
This procedure is used to widen the arteries that do not belong to the coronary artery system. It is used to treat narrowing of the arteries of the renal, leg and abdomen areas that is often caused due to various peripheral artery diseases.
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Carotid endarterectomy is avoided by using carotid stenting for treating carotid artery stenosis.
Renal Artery Angioplasty
In case the renal artery suffers from an atherosclerotic obstruction the angioplasty procedure is advised to avoid renal artery stenosis that can result in loss of kidney function as well as hypertension.
A thoracic outlet syndrome can cause narrowing of the subclavian vein and a venous angioplasty is useful in treating it.
What are the benefits and risks of an Angioplasty procedure?
The main benefit of an angioplasty is its minimally invasive nature. This type of surgery leaves less and smaller scars that tend to heal naturally over time. There is also very less, or no, bleeding in a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Apart from this the angioplasty procedure recovery time is far more less than that required after a conventional arterial correction surgical procedure.
There are certain risks or complications that might be seen after an angioplasty, such as:
- Embolization – Debris in the blood stream.
- Arterial rupture – In case the balloon on the catheter is over-inflated.
- Hematoma – This could form at the incision site.
- Radiation injuries – Burns from the extensive use of x-ray.
Why chose to get Angioplasty in India?
Cardiovascular doctors and surgeons in India are vastly experienced and extensively trained to meet any challenge posed by a complication during an angioplasty. These doctors and surgeons have the latest and most modern diagnostic and surgical instruments at their disposal that ensures a highly successful angioplasty. The huge network of hospitals and clinics also provide world-standard facilities to the patients. All this comes at a considerably low cost for the patient as compared to any other country. On top of that the team of experts at Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants is immensely efficient with many years of experience under their belt in handling all types of patient requirement during their trip to India. Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are highly recommended by thousands of foreign patients who have chosen them for getting an angioplasty procedure done in India.