Spinal Fusion Surgery – An Overview
A spinal fusion surgery is useful in helping to relieve the intense back pain caused by a number of spinal diseases or disorders.
The procedure aims to join, or fuse, together two or more adjacent vertebras that have been affected by an injury or a disease. By joining together the consecutive vertebra the movement of the painful vertebra is restricted and the patient gets relief.
Spinal Fusion surgery procedure:
The main goal of a spinal fusion surgery is joining together two or more consecutive affected or damaged vertebra in the spinal column in order to provide relief from back pain and other spinal complications. This is done by using any of the following methods:
Bone Grafting –
This type of spinal fusion requires the surgeon to use a piece of bone graft in helping the fusion of the vertebra bones. The grafted bone piece helps the two vertebras to join together faster. A grafted bone helps in the bones of the vertebra to fuse faster as well as provides structural support to the vertebra.
The bone graft is done using either an ‘auto-graft’, which is sourced from the patients’ own body. For this the surgeon requires to make an additional incision near the hip to harvest a piece of bone from the hip region. Or the other method of grafting, which is a natural bone graft known as an ‘allograft’ where the surgeon will use a bone piece from a donor (cadaver) or a bone bank.
Apart from these today the surgeons have a number of synthetic materials that are available to be used as substitutes for a bone graft, such as:
- Demineralized Bone Matrices (DBM) – These are created using calcium obtained from cadaver bones. Lack of mineral renders the bone into a soft putty-like substance that can be given a desired shape to suit the graft structure. These are used in conjunction with other grafts and contain proteins essential for bone healing.
- Ceramics – Artificial calcium or phosphate materials are similar in physical characteristics to auto-graft bones.
- Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) – These are strong artificial bone-forming proteins that assist in bone fusion. These BMPs do not need an auto-graft for bone fusion.
The next step after a bone graft involves a process called ‘immobilization’. This requires the fused vertebras to be held in position for the graft to take hold. The surgeon will mainly use medical-grade metal screws, rods or plates to stabilize the vertebras through internal fixation.
Types of Spinal Fusion surgery:
There are two main types of ‘approaches’ that the surgeon will choose to perform the spinal fusion surgical procedure, such as:
Anterior Lumbar Fusion –
In this the surgeon will make an incision from the front of the body through the lower abdomen.
Posterior Lumbar Fusion –
This requires the surgeon to make an incision from the back or the side of the body and is also known as the lateral approach.
Spinal Fusion cost comparison between USA, Mexico, Thailand and India
India is home to the world’s largest network of comprehensive multi-specialty hospitals and clinics spread over all its major cities. These are highly-equipped treatment centers that have the most modern and innovative medical and surgical technologies. All these world-class facilities are available to every patient at a very affordable price. As compared to other less-popular medical tourism destinations such as USA, Mexico, Thailand, etc., India offers the best and most budget-friendly spinal fusion treatment of them all.
What are the advantages in Spinal Fusion surgery in India?
The doctor will use a number of diagnostic tests to determine the exact cause or source of the back pain in the patient using x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) scans.
The benefits of a spinal fusion surgery are that it provides relief from a number of spinal disorders, such as:
- Spinal tumor
- Infection in the spinal column
- Vertebra fracture
- Spinal stenosis
- Degenerative disk disease
What to expect after a Spinal Fusion Surgery?
Recovery after a spinal fusion surgery depends mostly on several factors such as the type of surgery used, the patient’s age and overall health status, type of method used for fusion, etc. In case the spinal fusion surgery is performed using minimally invasive (laparoscopic) methods then the recovery time is considerably lessened and the patient might be allowed to go home within 2-3 days depending on rate of recovery in individual cases.
Physical therapy treatment session will usually be advised after a spinal fusion surgery in order to regain strength, stability and movement back in the spinal column.
Why choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultant for Spinal Fusion surgery in India?
Travcure medical tourism consultants have more than a decade’s experience and training in managing spinal fusion surgery visits successfully in India. We have a team of expert consultants who take every necessary measure to ensure that your visit and surgery in India is the most efficient and hassle-free experience so that you have all the time at your disposal for recuperation and sight-seeing.
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