A prosthetic device or prosthesis plays an important role of rehabilitation when a person loses his/her limb in some trauma or disease like diabetes. For them an artificial limb can be very effective because it improves mobility to manage daily activities. Moreover, a person can also stay independent.
What are Artificial Limb Prostheses?
‘Prosthesis’ is known as addition or attachment which is an artificial device used to replace missing body part. These are custom made & invariably help patients restore their physical ability which may have been lost during accident, trauma, disease, or due to congenital conditions.
Types of Prosthesis
a) Transtibialor Below the Knee –A portion where artificial lower leg is attached to an intact upper leg
- Transfemoral or Above the Knee–When the complete leg needs prosthesis
- Transradial or Below the Elbow – When forearmneeds prosthesis
- Transhumeral or Above the Elbow – A complete arm needing prosthesis
- Robotic Prosthesis
Methods for Artificial Limb Prostheses Attachments
Prosthesis is composed of different attachments& parts, particular mechanism & a control system.
Design of the prosthesis plays an important role because it substitutes the ‘original’ arm or limb function. Concern is always on the appearance, for e.g. prosthetic hands should have wrist, fingers & approx. length of arm, whereas, legs should be made up of strong material to bear the entire weight of body. Material should be durable, light weight & strong enough to withstand any probabilities. Generally, they are made up of carbon fibre & skin coloured plastic or foam padding for comfort to cover.
Socket is a very important component of prosthesis since it provides flexibility. As it is custom-made the dimensions of socket should be very precise & carefully moulded around the plaster. Patient’s comfort level is duly considered.
The function of socket is
- Distribute weight evenly
- Eliminating pressure points
- Bending & expansion
Well fitted prosthesis causeminimum discomfort to the residual limb. While fixing, it is attached by straps, suction or by harnesses for a secure fit. The result of a bad fit can be skin irritation, pain, swelling & tissue breakdown. Suspension system that attaches a prosthesisisis often based on patient’s lifestyle & residual limb type. Several types of attachments includeadjustable sleeve, elastic sleeve & suction socket. Socket is also a part of the attachment.
Now the functioning of the prosthetic depends upon the built-in mechanism which includes cables, rechargeable battery packs & motors. Most sophisticated prostheses are electrically controlled such that when patient’s brain thinks he wants to move his arm, his brain automatically will stimulate the particular muscle, which is then detected & amplified by electronic control system causing it to move/shift.
Risk factors Involved in Prosthesis Surgery
Risk factors ofprosthesissurgery are –
- Bacterial & fungal infections
- Skin irritation, abrasions & skin breakdown
- Left unchecked, itcould lead to ulcerations
- Reactions to the materials
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How to Take Prosthetic Care?
It is a mechanical device which needs very good caring from the patient. If device isn’t working fine or broken then you should immediately contact the prosthetic specialist.
Remember that –
- It has not been designed for use in wet environments
- It doesn’t support high-impacted activity
- It doesn’t survive in strong chemical environment which may alter its structure
- It is necessary to daily clean the interior parts of the socket with sponge or softcloth
- Dry it with clean towel
- Suction socket valves should be cleaned with soft brush so as to remove any deposits
- Avoid any contact with dyes & ink or it may leave skin with permanent stains
- Always check for any wear & tear
- It protects skin by absorbing sweat& by keeping it dry
- Change it daily & gently wash it with antibacterial soap
- Soap should be washed away completely otherwise it may irritate skin later
- Dry it completely
Parts Made of Leather
- Make sure to clean them regularly
- Use a saddle soap
- Keep it dry
- Wash the webbings or straps with soap & warm water
- Dry it completely
- It is mandatory to visit prosthetist so as to restore optimal function of device, in case it fails
- Do not adjust screws, hinges or other device parts on your own
- If it is creating excessive noise or any change in colour report to the prosthetist about it
- When prosthesis is not in use, then remove it carefully & store in an upright position to avoid any breakage
Why Prefer India for Artificial Limb Prostheses Surgery?
India is a destination for all types of surgeries right from traditional to minimal invasive. Indian artificial limb prostheses products are reliable, cost effective &technically superior guided by people who are experts in technology & clinical support. Medical facilities & laboratories comprise of modern computerized equipments to perform diagnostics & surgeries. There are many premium, accredited & super specialty hospitals with state-of-the-art infrastructure. Overall surgery with post-operative care costs is quite affordable in India. Doctors are highly trained in various types of surgical procedures. Staffs attend patients round the clock & keep check of all their medical needs.
Travcure Healthcare Consultants for Artificial Limb Prostheses Surgery
Travcure Medical Tourism Consultanthelps you to find best prosthetists&surgeons who will drastically improve yourquality of life. We provide outstanding medical facilities & cost effective services from prosthetic & orthotic companies in India. We have access to top-notch centres those are recognised by International Rehabilitation Council. We always ensure that you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of treatment & services.