Embryo Donation Program - How It Works?

Embryo-Donation-ProgramEmbryo Donation Program

An embryo donation program involves giving away the excessive embryos, after successful in-vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure, to another person who might need healthy embryos or to an organization that takes part in fertilization research or implanting. These donated embryos are placed inside the recipient mother’s uterus to facilitate pregnancy and childbirth. The child thus born is considered to be the woman’s who carried it and gave birth to it and not that of the embryo donor.


Embryo donation can be handled on an anonymous basis where the recipient and the donor are unknown to each other and the identities are shared only after the express consent of all parties involved in the donation program. Another ‘semi-open’ practice involves revealing the donor and recipient’s family history and background but not their names and other personal information.

Embryo donation/adoption

At times the terms, ‘embryo donation’ and ‘embryo adoption’ are used to identify two different processes in the embryo donation program while other terms are used to identify the complete procedure of donation and adoption synonymously. The embryo donation program generally involves the process from donation of the embryos to the assisted-reproductive technique (ART) that is used to inseminate the recipient.

Embryo Donation process for Surrogacy

An embryo donation program requires the genetic parents to enter an embryo donation program to avail the benefit of selecting the adoptive parents from the embryo donation agency’s list of pre-screened intended parents. This allows for direct transfer of embryos from the genetic parents to the adoptive parents. The genetic parents are usually informed when their donated embryo results in successful impregnation as well as at the birth of the child. The terms of contract and agreement are discussed by the individual genetic parents and adoptive parents according to their discretion. Prospective embryo recipient parents enter the embryo donation program after a thorough and complete background check and extensive screening as well as a health check up. Certain agencies may allow the donor to choose the recipients themselves while other agencies may match the recipients with similar preferences.  Genetic and adoptive parents are then allowed to approve the match and after all the parties have agreed the embryo is transferred to the adoptive mother’s fertility clinic for a frozen embryo transfer.

Embryo Donation for Research

Embryo donation for research has helped make advances in the science of stem cell research. The study of stem cells is vital in hopes of finding treatment for a large number of medical diseases such as Alzheimer’s, SMA, cancer, Parkinson’s disease, etc. Some stem cell research involves using human embryos and most parents donate the excess healthy embryos after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment to stem cell research labs. Most of these people believe that donating their excessive embryos for research is a better option than having them destroyed and wasted. Embryo donation program is one of the best and most efficient ways to collect healthy excessive embryos from couple’s after they have completed a successful impregnating process for research and adoption purposes. An embryo donation program can go a long way in helping the medical fraternity discover new solutions for various serious medical disorders through embryonic research for stem cell procedures. A donated embryo is mainly useful for other intended parents who are looking for a healthy and successful embryo to start their own artificial insemination or for implantation to get pregnant.
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