What is Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon Surgery all about?The basic function of the intragastric balloon procedure is helping in creating an artificial ‘bezoar’ in the patient’s stomach with a silicone balloon that helps reduce the volume of the stomach so as to lessen the food intake in the patient which eventually results in a dramatic weight-loss. The endoscopic method of intragastric balloon procedure is a minimally invasive type of surgery which helps implant the artificial balloon in the stomach with the help of an endoscope that requires very small and less number of incisions as compared to the conventional type of open surgery.
When should I choose Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon surgery?The doctor will decide on the best method of weight-loss surgical procedure that will be suitable for you after an extensive diagnosis and keeping the following points in mind:
- Patient has BMI (body-mass-index) of over 27.
- Dietary options and exercise to lose weight have proved incapable of reducing weight.
- Other weight-loss procedures will not be suitable for you for any reason.
- Patient is ready to follow a post-operative diet plan and lifestyle modification.
- Patient is more than 15 kgs overweight.
When is Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon surgery not suitable for me?There are a few reasons that might make an endoscopic intragastric balloon surgery unsuitable for you, these are:
- If you have undergone a gastrointestinal surgery previously.
- If you suffer from an inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.
- If you suffer from, or are susceptible to, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhaging or similar birth-defect.
- If there is a hiatal hernia or physical deformity in your larynx or food-pipe.
- Any pre-existing condition that would make an endoscopy difficult.
- If you will not be able to follow the post-operative dietary and lifestyle modifications diligently.
- If you have an alcohol or drug problem.
- If you are pregnant or still at the breast-feeding post pregnancy.
- If you suffer from, or have a history of, a psychological disorder.
What happens in the Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon surgery?The basic aim of an endoscopic intragastric balloon surgery is about decreasing the total volume capacity of the stomach by inserting and inflating a silicone balloon in the stomach so that a less amount of food will make you feel full and satisfy your hunger. The endoscopic method involves using an endoscope (a thin tube-like apparatus) that is inserted through the mouth, passing through the food pipe and into the stomach with a silicone-based balloon attached to one end. When the deflated balloon reaches the stomach it is inflated by filling it with a sterile saline solution (which contains a color dye). After the balloon is inflated it closes the opening valve itself and is placed attached to the wall of the stomach. This procedure takes just about 20-30 minutes.
[free_quotes_and_consultation]The balloon takes up a significant amount of space inside your stomach and hence the food intake becomes less automatically. This balloon is ideally placed for a period of six months and the doctor will advise you regarding the specific precautions to be taken as well as the lifestyle and dietary modifications that you will need to inculcate in this six-month period so that the procedure is most effective. After the six month period is over the doctor will again use an endoscope to deflate the balloon inside your stomach by sucking out the saline solution in the balloon and then remove the deflated balloon as it was inserted.
What are the risks and complications involved in an Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon surgery?As compared to other types of weight-loss surgical procedures that endoscopic intragstric balloon surgery has less risks and complications involved. However, these are the few risks that are likely to be faced by a minor portion of the patients undergoing this type of surgery:
- The most common and mild complication that arises out of the gastric balloon procedure in the start is the feeling of nausea or vomiting for the first few days until your body adjusts to the feeling of the balloon in the stomach cavity. Doctors will prescribe you certain nausea-inhibiting medication to help make your recovery more comfortable.
- There could be a small amount of discomfort in the stomach after the procedure as the body is not used to a foreign object in it, but this will pass in a few short days as the body accepts this eventually.
- To identify a case of spontaneous balloon deflation in the stomach the doctor mixes a colored dye (usually Methlyene Blue) in the saline solution. In case the balloon deflates, or leaks, in the stomach the released dye turns the urine green in color which indicates the rupturing of the balloon in the stomach. The doctor should be immediately informed in such a case so he can plan the procedure to remove the punctured balloon safely.