What is Oral Cancer?
Oral cancer, also called mouth cancer, is a form of head and neck cancer which affects the mouth. This may initially develop in the form of a lesion in the tissue of the mouth or may be seen spreading from a cancerous site through metastasis, such as spreading from the nose region.
Oral cancers need to be diagnosed and treated promptly for effective and successful treatment as most cases of oral cancers at the earlier stages of their growth can be treated effectively with a wide range of treatment methods.
What are the signs and symptoms of Oral Cancer?
These are the commonly seen symptoms of Oral Cancer:
- Abnormal swelling, lumps, erosion of lips, gums and other oral parts.
- Soft, white and red spots seen growing in the oral cavity.
- Bleeding gums.
- Tenderness/ numbness in the neck and mouth or face region without identifiable cause.
- Sores seen in the mouth, neck and face which are there for more than 2 weeks.
- Difficulty in swallowing due to a feeling of soreness/blockage in the throat.
- Difficulty in using the tongue and jaw without any possible cause.
- Prolonged hoarseness or chronic sore throat.
- Pain in the ear.
- Unexplained loss in weight.
In case you see any of these signs and symptoms it is advisable to consult with a cancer specialist, or an oncologist.
What are the Types of Oral Cancer?
The oral cancers are classified into several different types according to the location and the type of cancerous cells causing the cancer in the mouth.
These are some of the commonly seen types of oral cancer:
This type of cancerous cell is distinguished from other types of oral cancers by the neoplasia of epithelial tissue. This has a glandular origin and glandular characteristics as well. These are seen to be originated from the major (or minor salivary glands) in the tongue.
This type of cancerous cells is made of tissue resembling a normal-looking tissue with multiple germ layers. The teratoma cancer cells may appear normal in appearance but are very different from the surrounding tissues and highly versatile in their cellular structuring.
This refers to the group of blood cell tumors that develop from the lymphatic cells.
This oral cancer develops from the pigment-producing cells known as ‘melanocytes’. These are found developing in the oral mucosa, which is the inner lining of the mouth.
Oral cancer is mostly found initiating on the tongue but may also occur in the floor of the mouth, gums, cheek lining and the roof of the mouth (palate) along with the lips.
How is Oral Cancer diagnosed?
The diagnosis for oral cancer usually is performed initially with a dental check-up where the dentist will look for abnormal lumps/ bumps that include irregular tissue development in the face, neck or head region. The dentist will also look for swathes of discolored skin or tissues as well as sores.
The dentist will basically look for any of the visible symptoms as seen in a case of oral cancer.
In case the dentist indentifies an abnormal tissue growth in the neck, head or facial region they will perform an oral brush biopsy. This involves removing a small part of the abnormal tissue and analyzing it to detect the nature of the cancerous cells.
How is Oral Cancer treated?
As is the case with most forms of cancer, there are various types of treatments that can used for treatment. But the specific treatment method will depend on the location and stage of the cancer’s progress as well as the patient’s overall health condition and preferences along with the surgeon’s choice.
These are the different types of Oral Cancer treatment:
There are the different types of cancer surgeries that are categorized according to the purpose of the surgery.
- Cancer removal - This surgery requires the surgeon to remove the tumor directly and also a part of the surrounding healthy tissue. Large tumors require complex and prolonged surgical treatments while the smaller tumors can be removed with a minor and short surgery.
- Removing Metastasized Cancer - If the cancer has spread to the surrounding regions the surgeon may be required to remove the affected tissue as well as a part of the surrounding healthy tissue to avoid chances of recurrence and metastasizing (spreading) of the cancer.
- Oral Reconstruction Surgery – This is preformed usually after a major cancer surgery of the mouth. The surgeon will advise a reconstructive surgery to restore your natural appearance and functioning as much as possible. The surgeon may use skin grafting, muscle grafting and bone implants to reconstruct your face. Dental implants will be able to help you replace the lost teeth.
Radiotherapy requires focusing high-energy beams on the cancerous cells (tumors) to destroy the cancerous cells entirely. This is performed by either using a machine (external beam radiation) or by using minimally invasive (as well as non-invasive) methods such as radioactive wires or seeds to perform a brachytherapy.
Radiotherapy is mostly successful for treatment of oral cancer in its early stages and can also be used as a post-surgical procedure to prevent recurrence of the oral cancer. Radiotherapy is also used in combination with chemotherapy. This increases the effectiveness of the Radiotherapy. This therapy also helps relieves painful symptoms of advanced stage oral cancer.
This form of oral cancer treatment uses medicinal drugs which are designed to kill the cancerous cells. These drugs may be used individually, or in combination with other chemotherapy drugs, or combined with other therapy methods, for added effectiveness.
Targeted Drug Therapy
Targeted drug therapy works by changing certain characteristic of the cancer cells that are responsible for the tumor’s growth. These are also used in combination with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Why choose Travcure to get Oral Cancer Treatment in India?
Travcure is known as the leading and most efficiently affordable medical tourism service provider in India. Travcure is associated with some of the most advanced healthcare facilities and some of India’s leading healthcare experts and specialists. The oncologists in India are well-experienced and are extensively-trained in the most advanced cancer treatment methods. Their efficiency is enhanced further with the world’s largest network of global-class hospitals and clinics that are equipped with the most advanced and latest medical and surgical technology. Along with the lowest cost of treatment of oral cancer in India by Travcure makes it the choice destination for the thousands of patients from abroad that come for effective and affordable oral cancer treatment every year.