What is Meningioma?
A meningioma is a type of tumor that forms in the meninges, which is the soft membrane that surrounds the spinal cord and the brain.
Mostly the meningioma is non-cancerous (benign) in nature, although in rare cases the meningioma may turn out to be cancerous (malignant) in nature. Some are atypical meningioma, as they exhibit characteristics of neither the benign or malignant tumors.
Meningioma is found to affect mostly women in advanced years of their lives. Although, meningioma is also seen developing in men of all ages, even in childhood.
What are the signs and symptoms of Meningioma?
The signs and symptoms of meningioma begin gradually and increase in intensity and severity as the disease progresses. Depending on its location (brain or spinal cord) the tumor may cause any of the following signs and symptoms:
- Vision problems (double/blurred vision)
- Worsening headaches
- Memory loss
- Hearing loss
- Loss of smell
- Weakness in legs and arms
It is advisable to seek immediate medical attention in case the worse symptoms (seizures and vision/memory problems) are noticed.
What causes Meningioma?
Although it is not known what exactly causes the development of meningioma in a person, it is known that genetic alteration of the meninges cells causes them to multiply and grow at an abnormal and uncontrolled rate, which develop into the meningioma tumor.
What are the risk factors that contribute towards the development of Meningioma?
These are the risk factors that increase the chances of development of meningioma:
- Radiotherapy – Prolonged radiation therapy, especially to the head or neck, may increase the chances of developing meningioma.
- Female Hormones – As meningioma are more common in women than in men, doctors suspect that the female hormones might play an important role in development if meningioma.
- Heredity Nervous System Disorder – Neurofibromatosis Type 2 is a rare nervous disorder that is known to lead to the development of brain tumors, including meningioma.
What are the complications arising due to Meningioma?
Meningioma is related to the development of various complications, such as:
- Memory loss
- Concentration problems
- Personality changes
How is Meningioma diagnosed?
An imaging diagnostic test is considered to be ideal for detecting the presence of meningioma in the body.
These are the diagnostic imaging tests that are performed to determine the presence of meningioma in the person:
- Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan – This imaging test uses x-rays to create cross-sectional detailed images of the head and the brain. These images are processed by a computer to create a comprehensive and detailed image of the brain.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Test – This imaging technique uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to create cross-sectional images of the cranial (brain) structures). This provides a more detailed and magnified image of the brain.
How is Meningioma treated?
Treatment for a small and slow-growing meningioma might not be required immediately if it does not cause noticeable signs and symptoms.
However, the larger and symptom-causing meningioma requires prompt and effective treatment. These are the common treatment methods for meningioma:
In case the meningioma is noticed growing, or it causes symptoms, then the surgeon might advise a surgical treatment. This treatment aims to remove the meningioma completely using surgical methods. In cases, there the meningioma (tumor) is located close to delicate cranial structures, or in an inaccessible place in the brain, the surgeon will remove as much of the meningioma as possible without damaging the surrounding cranial structure.
In case the meningioma cannot be completely removed using surgical method, the surgeon might advise radiation therapy to destroy the remaining meningioma after the surgery. This treatment method uses a high-energy beam of radiation (consisting of x-ray particles or protons) to target and kill the cancerous cells inside the body without harm to the surrounding healthy structure.
This is similar to a radiation therapy, however this treatment method uses several highly-precise and thin beams of low-dose radiation to kill the tumors without damage to the surrounding healthy organs and tissues.
This treatment method is ideal for people who are experiencing recurrence of a meningioma, or if the other treatment methods have been unsuccessful. These medicinal drugs are specifically designed to only attack he cancerous cells and disable their ability to grow and divide. This helps not only to shrink the size of the tumor but also to kill it eventually.
Why choose Travcure for Meningioma treatment in India?
India is known for having the largest network of global-class hospitals and clinics that are spread across all its major cities, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, etc. These are highly-modern and advanced specialty healthcare facilities with the best and latest in medical technology. Travcure is well-connected to this vast healthcare network and offers every patient with the most advanced and effective treatment tour to India. Travcure provides each patient with the most efficient and affordable meningioma treatment package in India.