Spinal fusion for scoliosis requires using medical-grade rods, screws, plates and wires to attach the curved part of the spine and help to straighten it. Small pieces of graft bones are also used to help the fusion. The pieces of the bone graft will grow between the two vertebras and join them eventually into the desired position.
This is a major form of surgery and requires several hours of operation time.
There are new and advanced variations of performing this surgical procedure. The techniques, as well as equipments for the surgery, may also vary. The approach may also differ, as the surgeon might make an incision in the back or the front according to the location of the damaged vertebra so as to avoid damage to the soft tissue and nerves surrounding the vertebras. The surgical approach requiring an incision in the back is called the ‘posterior approach’ while the surgery needing an incision in the front (lower abdomen) is known as the ‘anterior approach’.
The exact type of treatment technique mainly depends on the age, maturity of the spine as well as the location and severity of the spinal curve.
What to Expect After a Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?
Antibiotics will be administered from the beginning of the surgical procedure to around 48 hours post-surgery to avoid the risk of infections at the surgical site.
Most people are required to spend a few days recovering at the hospital as their movements gradually improve. Brace for the back might also be needed after certain surgical methods.
The pain also gets alleviated faster with painkillers prescribed by the doctor and the person is able to get back to work within 1-2 weeks after the surgery.
What to Avoid After Scoliosis Surgery?
Heavy lifting, extreme bending and excessive stooping and twisting should be avoided for the first few weeks. Additional rest should be taken at home.
Competitive sports that might put stress on the back should also be avoided for around 6-12 months post-surgery.
What is the Need of Spinal Fusion for Scoliosis?
Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis is needed when:
- The child has moderate to severe curve caused by scoliosis and the condition is worsening with time
- Pain disables your ability to perform everyday tasks
- Bracing does not help
- Age, skeletal maturity level and the status of puberty of the patient
- Location of the curve in the spine
- Trouble breathing with disabling back pain
- Very young child displays curve in spine which is abnormal
How Successful is Spinal Fusion Surgery?
The success of the scoliosis surgery mainly depends on the flexibility of the curve as well as the technique used.
Extensive use of medical-aids (such as rods, screws, plates and wires) results in significant improvement in the shape of the spine when seen from the back and the sides.
The main aim of the spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis is not to straighten the spine but to fuse the damaged vertebras together to prevent further worsening of the curve.
Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis helps to relieve the back pain almost immediately in most adults.
Why Choose Travcure for Scoliosis Surgery in India?
India is known for having the world’s largest and most comprehensive healthcare network. These are highly advanced and modern medical facilities that are equipped with the latest and cutting-edge technology for efficiency and effectiveness. Travcure is well-connected to this vast healthcare network and provides each patient from abroad with the most effective and affordable spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis in India.