What is Type 2 Diabetes?Type 2 Diabetes also known as ‘diabetes mellitus’ raises the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood and causes the impediment of insulin function in the body. This is the most common form of diabetes and is found to consist of around 90% of all diabetic cases. Insulin is released by the pancreas and is essential to convert the glucose extracted from the diet into energy. A person’s body, when suffering from type 2 diabetes, is unable to utilize this insulin completely and develops a resistance to the insulin. This resistance by the cells to use insulin causes the pancreas to increase the rate of insulin secretion as a method to combat the inefficiency of the body to convert the glucose into energy. However, with time, the body is completely unable to convert the glucose and the level of glucose in the blood starts to increase.
What are the signs and symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?The person suffering from type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) shows the following signs and symptoms:
- Polyuria – Frequent urination.
- Polydipsia – Being thirsty more frequently.
- Polyphagia – Hunger increases and the person feels the need to eat more frequently.
- Weight Loss – The inability to convert the glucose into energy from the food results in progressive weight loss.
- Blurred vision – Diabetes is known to affect the iris and causes blurred vision.
- Itchiness – The skin may start to feel itchy and irritated.
- Peripheral neuropathy – Diabetes affects certain important nerves in the body that impede vision, movement ability, glandular and organ function.
- Fatigue – Lack of conversion of glucose into energy results in feeling weak, tired and fatigued.
What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes?Type 2 Diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, such as: Obesity Overweight persons are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes as obesity can cause the body to resist insulin if there is additional fat around the stomach region. Genetics Genes play an important role in determining of the person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. You are more prone to develop type 2 Diabetes if there are prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes in one or more family members. Metabolic Disorders A number of other medical disorders related to metabolism in the body can cause type 2 Diabetes, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high glucose blood levels and extra fat around the stomach region. Excessive Glucose In an event when the blood sugar level of a person gets abnormally low the liver automatically secretes additional glucose to compensate for the loss. At times the liver malfunctions and the secretion of additional glucose remains continued, resulting in excessive glucose level in the blood. Medical Conditions A number of different medical disorders can also give rise to type 2 Diabetes, these are:
- Donohue syndrome
- Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Testosterone deficiency
How can I prevent Type 2 Diabetes?There are a few methods that can be adopted to prevent the development and acquisition of type 2 Diabetes, these are:
- Proper nutrition
- Regular exercise
- Weight loss in case of obesity
- Diet containing more green and leafy vegetables
- Limiting intake of sugary drinks
- Vitamin D supplement in case of deficiency