What is a Heart Valve Replacement surgery?A heart valve replacement surgery is used to remove and replace a defective valve in the heart. There are four valves in the heart that are responsible to keep the blood flowing through the heart in the correct direction between the four chambers of the heart. The four heart valves are:
- Aortic valve
- Mitral valve
- Tricuspid valve
- Pulmonic valve
What happens in a Heart Valve Replacement surgery?The heart replacement surgery can be performed using either the ‘open heart surgical method’ or the ‘minimally invasive surgical procedure’. The open heart surgery requires the doctor to make a larger incision in the breast bone of the patient so as to get complete access to the heart. While the minimally invasive method requires smaller incisions and is performed using an endoscope (thin tube with a video camera and other miniature surgical instruments attached to it) with robotic-assistance at times. The procedure to replace any of the four heart valves begins with the administering of general anesthesia to the patient. The procedure for replacing a valve involves removing the defective valve and replacing it with an artificial valve implant. There are two types of artificial valves:
- Biological – These are made of human or animal tissue and can function well from 12-15 years.
- Mechanical – These artificial implants are made from ceramic or metals, such as titanium or stainless steel. These artificial valves are life-long but there is a need to take blood-thinners for them to function efficiently.
What are the risks and benefits of a Heart Valve Replacement surgery?The heart valve replacement surgery is also useful to repair the functioning of a defective valve as it can cause blood regurgitation (back-flow) as well limit the amount of blood flow (stenosis).
[free_quotes_and_consultation]These are the heart-related problems that are solved by undergoing a heart valve replacement surgery:
- Tricuspid valve stenosis
- Tricuspid regurgitation
- Pulmonary valve stenosis
- Mitral valve prolapse
- Mitral valve stenosis
- Mitral regurgitation – (acute & chronic)
- Congenital heart valve disease
- Aortic stenosis
- Aortic insufficiency
- Repair defects in the heart that can give rise to various heart disorders such as angina (chest pain), wheezing, syncope (fainting) and heart failure.
- Repair any defect in the heart function caused by a defective heart valve.
- Treat infection of the heart valve (endocarditis).
- Treat internal bleeding (hemorrhage), blood clots as well as replace a previous heart valve transplant that is not functioning properly.
- Heart failure
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- Kidney failure
- Prolonged mild pain in the chest as well as low fever.
- Stroke or other brain injury