Sweat glands play a vital role in maintaining good condition of body. There are two types of sweat glands in our body namely – apocrine and eccrine sweat glands. Apocrine sweat glands are located in armpit region. Whereas, eccrine glands cover areas such as hands, scalp and soles of feet. These glands are mainly responsible for cooling body temperature, wiping out harmful toxins and an excess amount of salts from our body. However, excessive sweating is not at all desirable especially when it begins to interfere with normal routine life of an individual. It might be a warning sign of an underlying health issue as well. Therefore, people struggling with excessive sweating condition must seek an opinion from medical experts.
What is Hyperhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis is a health condition that occurs due to production of excessive sweat in an individual’s body. This condition is not life-threatening but it may create social anxiety and a sense of embarrassment amongst patients. Patients suffering from hyperhidrosis may feel self-conscious while shaking hands with colleagues or giving presentations which may affect their professional career.
Major Causes of Hyperhidrosis
Root cause of hyperhidrosis is still not found. However, healthcare professionals reveal that an underlying genetic abnormality may lead to hyperhidrosis. In addition to this, the following factors may fuel up the chances of hyperhidrosis in an individual.
- Malfunctioning of Sympathetic Nervous System – Sympathetic nervous system is interconnected with sweat glands. It sends warning signals to brain whenever it senses that body temperature is rising and activates sweat glands. Malfunctioning of sympathetic nervous system may trigger sweat glands without any specific reason and result in hyperhidrosis.
- Low Blood Sugar – Low blood sugar is one of the prominent cause of hyperhidrosis. Sweat glands may become hyperactive when sugar level in body goes down.
- Anxiety – Anxiety increases stress levels in patient’s body which in turn may result in excessive sweating.
- Alcohol – Patients who are addicted to alcohol may find it difficult to quit the habit. It may trigger anxiety and eventually give rise to hyperhidrosis.
- Severe Infections – Patients who are suffering from deadly infections such as HIV or tuberculosis are at a greater risk of developing hyperhidrosis.
Signs and Symptoms of Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating is the primary indication of hyperhidrosis. The following points elaborate some major signs of this condition.
- Wetness around Hands, Feet and Face – Patients with an underlying condition of hyperhidrosis normally experience wetness around their hands, feet, and face region due to excessive sweat.
- Basic Activities – Patients who face difficulties while performing basic activities such as driving or using keyboards due to excessive sweat are likely suffering from hyperhidrosis.
- Staining of Clothes – People who have to change clothes several times a day due to staining that has resulted from excessive sweat might be suffering from hyperhidrosis.
Patients should consult a well-trained doctor to figure out and treat the exact cause of distress.
Doctors may begin the diagnosis by asking a few important questions such as symptoms which are bothering patients and the time when they started. Patients should not hesitate and answer everything honestly. It will increase the chances of positive results following hyperhidrosis treatment. They may further ask regarding medical history of patients to understand the potential causes of their current health status. In addition to this, they may order the given tests to confirm the presence of hyperhidrosis.
- Starch Iodine Test – This test can be performed easily with the help of iodine solution and starch. At first, surgeons apply a freshly prepared iodine solution to all the areas which produce excessive sweat. For instance, doctors may apply it on patient’s armpit or hand. After that, they apply starch powder over it. As soon as starch is applied, the areas which produce excessive sweat turn into dark bluish or purple color. In this way, doctors can measure the severity of patient’s condition.
- Paper Test – This is a simple test which involves a sweat absorbing paper. Respective doctors place the paper on areas of concern for a particular time span. After that, they remove the paper and weigh it with the help of a medical device which is capable of measuring the precise amount of sweat.
Doctors design a befitting treatment plan depending on the outcomes of these diagnostic procedures.
Primary Treatment Options for Hyperhidrosis
Initially, doctors may suggest the following treatment options to help patients struggling with hyperhidrosis.
- Medications – Doctors may provide creams and ointments to help patients get rid of excess sweat. They may also advise the intake of certain medications such as anticholinergics which mainly block the functioning of some chemicals that are responsible for activating sweat glands of an individual. Botulinum toxin injections (botox) can also be used to fulfill the objective.
- Iontophoresis – Iontophoresis is a unique treatment procedure that involves use of electric current to block the hyperactivity of patient’s sweat glands. Respective doctors place targeted areas of patient’s body like hands or feet in water and pass a mild electric current. Medical practitioners state that this treatment can reduce the severity of sweating over a period of time.
In some instances, where anxiety is the main cause of hyperhidrosis, doctors may refer patients to counselors or psychologists. It can significantly help in minimizing the problem of sweating among patients.
Surgical Procedures for Hyperhidrosis
Hyperhidrosis surgery may prove fruitful when primary treatment options fail to serve the purpose. Hyperhidrosis can be treated with the help of any of the following two surgical procedures.
- Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy (ETS) – This is the most popular surgical intervention for treating hyperhidrosis. It is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. Doctors start the operation by making incisions around the chest of patients. They carefully locate and cut down the nerves which are responsible for triggering sweat glands of patients. In this way, they remove the main point of contact which automatically lowers down the problem of hyperhidrosis.
- Removal of Sweat Glands – This surgical approach involves removal of sweat gland in patient’s armpit. Doctors can directly take out sweat glands by making precise incisions around armpit region. They may use lasers to destroy the tissues and cells present in sweat glands. In some instances, electromagnetic incision may also be used for destroying hyperactive sweat glands.
Risks and Complications Associated with Hyperhidrosis Surgery
Some general complications associated with above-mentioned surgeries for hyperhidrosis are listed below.
- Gustatory Sweating – It is one of the most common complications associated with hyperhidrosis surgery. Gustatory sweating implies a condition in which respective patients experience sweating around neck and face after eating food.
- Bleeding and Chest Pain – Patients may experience heavy bleeding and severe pain around chest region following the surgery.
- Horner’s Syndrome – Patients may encounter problems such as drooping of eyelids on one side of body following hyperhidrosis surgery. This condition is clinically referred to as Horner’s syndrome.
- Surgical Failure – Surgery may fail to deliver appropriate outcomes. Patients may continue experiencing excessive sweating.
Patients should discuss regarding potential complications of hyperhidrosis surgery and their possible solutions prior signing the consent form.
Recovery following Hyperhidrosis Surgery
Recovery time will vary according to the surgical approach which has been performed. Doctors may advise patients to consume certain essential medications to avoid postsurgical complications. Patients should abstain from drinking alcohol and eating food items that are too spicy. Furthermore, doctors may ask patients to implement some important lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, using antiperspirant, wearing comfortable clothes that are not too tight and clean, and wearing white and black colored soft fabrics. It can considerably help them in minimizing sweat and maintaining good hygiene. Most importantly, patients should not forget to visit respective doctors at regular intervals for follow-up sessions.
Merits of Availing Hyperhidrosis Surgery in India with Travcure
Travcure Medical Tourism is one of the best healthcare service facilitators across the world. Travcure is associated with a large network of experienced neurologists in India who are adept in performing hyperhidrosis surgery. Main objective of Travcure is to bring positive changes in patient’s health and overall life by providing high-quality medical treatments at extremely cost-effective prices. Hyperhidrosis surgery cost in developed nations such as Australia and Norway is quite high. Travcure offers similar procedures at just one-third of the amount which is charged by other nations. Healthcare experts at Travcure arrange a free online medical consultation for international patients to clear their treatment-related doubts and understand their requirements. Not just this, they also assist them in availing their medical visas in a hassle-free manner. They stay in touch with overseas patients throughout their hyperhidrosis treatment as well as during the postoperative phase even when they return to their native countries. They leave no stone unturned in providing finest treatments in order to ensure patient’s safety and health. Therefore, international patients can deliberately count on world-class services of Travcure Medical Tourism for availing hyperhidrosis surgery in India.
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