Cystic Liver Disease – An Overview
A cystic liver disease is one of the rare medical conditions that affect the liver. This disease causes the growth of numerous fluid-filled boils, known as cysts, on the entire surface of the liver. Normally, a lover has a smooth and uniform outer appearance, but a case of cystic liver disease renders the surface of the liver looking like a large bunch of grapes due to the extensive growth of numerous cysts (of varying size) on the liver.
These cysts can be seen growing individually, or in a cluster together. Too many cysts on the liver can result in dangerous health complications and discomfort. Although many cases of cystic liver disease might not exhibit any symptoms at all and they continue to lead a normal life.
Causes of Cystic Liver Disease
Most people with cystic liver disease are known to have been genetically predisposed towards it due to a hereditary factor in their genes. This disease is most commonly seen in women as compared to men and women also have more cysts developing as well.
Cystic liver disease is commonly associated with polycystic kidney disease (PCKD) and its frequency is seen increasing with age and last-stage kidney diseases.
Cysts are normally detected when they grow considerably is size. These can vary in form and size, ranging from less than the size of a needle’s eye to as big as 4 inches wide. These can often enlarge the liver to abnormal size but the liver is not seen affected by this in any way in its functioning.
Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Liver Disease
Although most of the times, cases of cystic liver disease might not show any form of outward sign or symptoms, there are a few commonly seen symptoms that indicate towards the development of cystic liver disease, such as:
- Chronic abdominal pain
- Swelling/Enlarging of stomach
- Constantly feeling full with less food intake than normal
Around 10% of all patients affected by cystic liver disease experience severe complications, such as:
- Cyst bleeding
- Cyst infected
- Bile duct obstruction
Diagnosing Cystic Liver Disease
As most cases of cystic liver diseases do not exhibit symptoms, it gets hard to detect the disease and it is most often detected during a routine medical examination or from a diagnosis of certain renal disorders. A few cysts are not classified as being ‘cystic liver disease’. The doctor will consider various factors such as family history, age, number of cysts, etc to determine the presence of cystic liver disease.
Cystic Liver Disease Treatment procedure
Cystic liver diseases require treatment only when they display specific symptoms. Mild abdominal pain can be usually treated with painkillers, but if the cysts cause severe discomfort and other complications, then the doctor may choose from a number of various treatment options.
The type of treatment option for cystic liver disease depends on the severity of the pain, the location of the cysts as well as other complications that might be seen.
These are the various cystic liver disease treatment methods:
Cyst Aspiration – If the cyst is located such that it is blocking a bile duct, or it has become infected, the doctor will usually suggest draining it of fluid. This is performed using an ultrasound or CT-imaging guided catheter or needle to drain the fluid from the cysts. However, this treatment method offers a brief respite from the bile duct obstruction and a Sclerotherapy might be used to harden the cysts by injecting them with alcohol to prevent the fluid from getting collected in it again in the future.
Cyst Fenestration – In case the doctor notices a considerably larger cyst on the liver surface, it might require removing the wall of the cyst (cyst fenestration or de-roofing).
Liver Resection – If most of the cysts are seen developing in a specific area on the surface of the liver, the doctor might advise that the affected part of the liver be removed to reduce the liver’s size as well as provide relief from the pain. Also, if the cysts on the liver are larger in size, then these might be efficiently removed using surgical methods.
Liver Transplantation – If liver resection is not a viable option for removing the extensively-covering numerous cysts on the liver, then the last-resort for treating this condition would be a liver transplant. This is mostly advised in case the patient is suffering from extreme abdominal pain, trouble while eating and their quality of life is suffering.
Choose Travcure for Advanced and Affordable Cystic Liver Disease Treatment in India
India is known for the world’s largest network of global-class healthcare facilities and clinics that cover every major Indian city such as Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc. These are highly-equipped tertiary care multi-specialty hospitals and clinics that are managed by the country’s most experienced and extensively-trained medical professionals and specialists. Travcure is well-connected to this extensive and modern healthcare network with the aim to provide every one of their patients with the most advanced and affordable cystic liver disease treatment in India.