Inguinal Hernia Repair – An Overview
An inguinal hernia repair is one of the most effective methods of treatment for a hernia occurring in the groin region (inguinal hernia). This hernia causes pain and a burning sensation as well and its prompt and successful treatment is necessary to relieve the painful symptoms.
What are the causes of Inguinal Hernia?
An inguinal hernia develops when the tissue pokes a bulge in the abdominal wall (tummy) as well as the groin.
This is mainly caused by:
- An opening occurring in the inguinal canal, which is the passageway connecting the genitals to the abdomen.
- Weakening of abdominal muscles due to advancing age and the daily wear and tear that occurs with time.
Certain conditions, such as being obese or constant coughing, are also known to cause the development of an inguinal hernia.
What are the signs and symptoms of Inguinal Hernia?
Common signs and symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:
- Bulge in the groin (or scrotum) which gradually develops over a few months, or may have appeared suddenly after lifting a heavy weight, bending or straining as well as excessive coughing or laughing.
- Pain and discomfort in the groin which may worsen if you lift weights or bend down. Most hernia might not even cause any pain.
Sudden nausea, pain and vomiting in case the inguinal hernia causes obstruction (strangulation) in the intestine is also seen.
Other not-so-common signs of inguinal hernia may include:
- Swelling, heaviness or pulling sensation in the hernia, scrotum or the inner thigh area.
- Pain and discomfort in the groin area that is relieved only after lying down for a while.
Symptoms of inguinal hernia in children may differ than that seen in adults. These are the signs and symptoms of inguinal hernia in children:
- Hernia may bulge more with the crying or moving by the child
- Strangulated hernias are more common in children and infants and require immediate medical attention to avoid dangerous complications from arising
What are the risk factors that can cause Inguinal Hernia?
There are various factors that are known to increase the risk of acquiring inguinal hernia is an adult, such as:
- Drastic weight loss
- Weak abdominal muscles due to poor dietary habits and lack of physical fitness
- Straining excessively during urination and bowel movement
- Constant coughing
There are several separate risk factors that can mean the onset of an inguinal hernia in children, such as:
- Premature birth
- Unhealthy (low) weight at birth
- Hereditary history of inguinal hernia
- Undescended testicles
- Certain congenital (birth) defects
How is Inguinal Hernia diagnosed?
The initial diagnosis for inguinal hernia is usually performed by the medical history as well as a physical examination.
The doctor might also use certain imaging test such as computerized tomography (CT) scan, ultrasound imaging to confirm the diagnosis from a physical examination.
The doctor may also suggest a urinalysis (urine test) to exclude urinary infection or a kidney stone as both of these conditions may also pain and discomfort in the groin area.
How is Inguinal Hernia Repair done?
The only treatment and cure for an inguinal hernia is a surgical treatment to push the herniated (bulging) tissue back in its place inside the abdominal wall.
The surgical option is mostly advised as it is an effective way to prevent strangulation of the intestine by the hernia wrapping around it. This halts the blood supply to the intestine and kills the tissue cells rapidly.
The doctor will advise a surgical treatment for your inguinal hernia only if the hernia is likely to cause further discomfort or raise complications later on.
Most hernias are painless and do not exhibit any visible symptoms and these do no generally require to be treated as they get repaired naturally with the passage of time.
In children, inguinal hernia repair surgery is mostly suggested when there is a risk of strangulation of the intestine by the herniated tissue in the abdomen. The doctors will initially attempt several non-surgical treatment options and if the condition is not improved (or if there is danger of immediate serious complications) then the inguinal hernia repair surgery is performed on the infant or child.
There are two main types of surgical procedures that are used to treat inguinal (groin) hernia. Depending on the extent of the hernia, location and other physiological factors the surgeon will decide the type of treatment that will be most efficient and successful.
These are the types of inguinal (groin) hernia repair surgeries:
Open hernia repair
This requires the surgeon to administer general anesthesia to the patient. The surgeon then makes an incision in the groin and pushes the bulging organ or fatty tissue back into its place. The surgeon will often use a plastic synthetic mesh to keep the organ and herniated fatty tissue in place and prevent it from bulging out.
Laparoscopic hernia repair
This procedure involves using a laparoscope (a thin tube-like surgical device that has a camera and mini surgical instruments attached) to perform the surgery. The procedure starts with the surgeon administering general anesthesia. The next step requires the surgeon to make a few small (keyhole) incisions in the groin region through which the laparoscope is inserted inside. The surgeon uses the laparoscope to push back the herniated organ and fatty tissue into its proper place and also to enclose it with the help of a surgical plastic mesh. All this is done with the help of the thin laparoscope without any large incisions being required.
Why choose Travcure for Affordable and Convenient Inguinal Hernia Repair surgery in India?
Travcure is connected to the largest network of global-class multi-specialty hospitals and clinics that are located in every major Indian city, such as Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, etc. These hospitals and clinics are equipped with the latest in medical and surgical technology to ensure that every patient gets the best and most effective treatment. Travcure offers every individual a bespoke treatment package that makes having an inguinal hernia repair surgery in India more convenient and affordable.