Arthritis, which was long thought to be a disease of the old people, is increasingly seeping into the younger population due to changes in lifestyle. However, if detected early, arthritis is a curable and manageable condition. The two most common types of arthritis affecting Kenyan population are osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoporosis is largely found to result from damage to cartilage within joints and rheumatoid arthritis on the other hand results when immune system of a person mistakenly attacks lining of inner sides of the joints.
Common Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries
Although being overweight does not necessarily cause arthritis, it can however contribute to joint problems which can worsen over a period of time. Joint replacement surgery is an ideal treatment procedure for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and is designed to replace damaged cartilage and bone loss. The damaged joint is resurfaced during the operation and muscles and ligaments are utilized for proper support and function of the diseased joint. The three most common types of joint replacement surgeries sought by arthritis patients include knee replacement, hip replacement and shoulder replacement surgeries.
- Knee Replacement Surgery – Knee replacement is one of the most commonly sought treatment for advanced or end-stage arthritis. However, like all other types of surgeries, knee replacement surgery is only performed when medications and physical therapy have failed to relieve symptoms. Knee replacement surgery effectively replaces the damaged cartilage in the joint, which is the gliding surface, along with ligament support and loss of bone structure.
- Hip Replacement Surgery – Hip replacement surgery is designed to replace the head of the thighbone along with the hip socket. During hip replacement surgery, orthopedic surgeons resurface the ball and socket where cartilage and bone has been lost. Subsequently, an artificial ball and socket is inserted into the remaining healthy bone. Hip replacement surgery is usually recommended when the patient is unable to bear joint pain and the damaged hip is restricting the person from performing normal everyday activities.
- Shoulder Replacement Surgery – Shoulder replacement surgery is mostly required by patients suffering from advanced osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis of the shoulder. Other patients who may also seek shoulder replacement surgery are people who have undergone severe injury due to shoulder fracture. However, the main goal of patients undergoing shoulder replacement surgery is to improve strength, motion and function of the shoulder joint.
Undergo Affordable Joint Replacement Surgery in India
Quality of joint replacement surgery in India is at par with the best that is available in the developed Western countries. Orthopedic surgeons performing joint replacement surgery in India are highly trained and experienced doctors who have performed numerous successful operations in the past. Apart from world-class quality of both prosthetic implants and surgery, the cost of joint replacement surgery in India is highly affordable. Joint replacement surgery in India cost just a fraction of what similar procedures cost in other parts of the world. In fact, overseas patients are able to save almost 70 percent of their money by undergoing joint replacement surgery in India.