Knee Replacement for Arthritis – An Overview
A knee replacement surgery for arthritis involves removing the severely damaged knee component caused by arthritis and replacing them with artificial knee joint prosthetic implants. This is useful in decreasing the pain and restoring movement and strength back in the knee.
Am I a candidate for a Knee Replacement surgery?
Your doctor may recommend a knee replacement surgery in case you have a stiff, painful knee that makes it difficult to perform even the simplest of activities, and other treatments are no longer working. This surgery is generally reserved for people over the age of 50 years who have severe osteoarthritis.
What happens during Knee Replacement Surgery?
A knee replacement surgery for arthritis is one of the major surgical procedures and requires the patient to be in an overall healthy condition and (preferably) without any underlying medical condition (or disorder) that may cause complications due to the surgery.
After having determined that the patient requires a knee replacement surgery for arthritis, the doctor/surgeon will advise and inform the patient regarding every aspect of the treatment.
The surgical procedure begins with the administration of general anesthesia to the patient in order to avoid any form of pain or discomfort to the patient. The orthopedic surgeon will then make a long incision in the front of the knee.
This incision is used to shift aside the muscles, tendons and ligaments so as to gain a clear access to the damaged knee joint. The surgeon will gently scrape and remove the damaged bone surfaces and shape them in such a way as to accommodate the prosthetics precisely.
The artificial prosthetic implant for a knee is made very similar to a natural knee joint and works exactly like the original one. The surgeon will attach the required joint components of the prosthesis to the thigh bone, shin bone and the knee cap. The surgeon will use medical adhesive (or cement) to hold fix the implant in place. When the implant components are fixed to the knee joint bones the surgeon will assemble the artificial knee joint and check to see the movement and stability of the prosthetic joint.
What are the recent advances in Knee Replacement Surgery?
As medical science grows by leaps and bounds, researchers keep finding new and innovative ways to perform the large number of medical treatments and surgeries that are common worldwide. The latest in line of advances in the knee replacement surgery technique is the minimally invasive (laparoscopic) approach. This involves using special miniaturized surgical instruments attached to the laparoscope to perform the surgical procedure for fixing the knee implant. The laparoscope basically consists of a system of small, thin and flexible surgical tubes that are fitted with a high-definition video camera with cold light-source as well as other special miniaturized surgical instruments required in a surgical procedure.
The laparoscopic knee replacement surgery for arthritis requires the surgeon to make very small (keyhole) incisions around the damaged knee. The surgeon will first insert the video camera-fitted laparoscope inside the incision to reach the damaged knee joint. This allows the surgeon to check for the extent of the damage to the knee joint using live feed from the laparoscopic video camera seen on a video monitor. The surgeon uses the attached instruments to clear the debris (broken bone chips) as well as any other obstruction from the knee joint and prepare it for having the prosthetics fitted using medical adhesive.
This advanced minimally invasive surgical technique is fat gaining popularity due to its various advantages such as less pain and scarring and comparatively less time required in the hospital and for recovery.
What are the Knee Replacement surgery cost comparisons in USA, Mexico, Thailand and India?
India is home the world’s largest network of global-class healthcare facilities and clinics that are spread across all its major cities, which makes a trip to India for knee replacement more convenient. These advanced healthcare facilities and hospitals and managed by India’s most experienced and well-trained surgeons and medical professionals. The cost of a knee replacement surgery for arthritis in India is considerably lesser and the treatment tour of India is becoming increasingly popular every day.
Travcure is India’s leading medical tour providers and is most popular for offering bespoke treatment packages to patients that are efficient, convenient and affordable at the same time.
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