A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the surgical procedure used in removal of gallbladder. This minimally invasive surgical treatment method is used to treat a number of gallbladder conditions such as symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder disorders and diseases.
When do I need a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is generally advised for:
- Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis)
- Biliary colic
- Gallbladder cancer risk factors
- Pancreatitis caused by gallstones
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedure is advised after the surgeon/doctor will determine that your overall health is in good condition to undergo a surgery as well as check your medical history to see for any other underlying medical disorder that might make the surgery a risk to your health.
How is a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy surgery performed?
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now fast becoming the method of choice over conventional open-type cholecystectomy as it is more efficient and convenient.
This surgery begins with the administering of general anesthesia and making around 3-4 small (keyhole) incisions in the abdomen. These incisions are used to insert the operating ports (small tube-like cylinders). These operating ports are the pathways through which the various tubes of the laparoscope are inserted in the body.
The surgeon will first insert a laparoscopic video camera to get a better and clear view of the abdominal cavity. This helps the surgeon to determine the best way to approach the removal of the gallbladder. Other specialized tiny surgical instruments are inserted through the operating ports to perform the necessary surgical procedures.
The surgery begins with the surgeon inflating the abdominal cavity using carbon dioxide gas to allow clearer access to the gallbladder. After viewing the exact location of the gallbladder with the laparoscope video camera the surgeon will use the other surgical instruments to grasp the gallbladder fundus. After making an incision in it the surgeon will clip the cystic duct and cystic artery with titanium clips and remove the gallbladder after dissecting it away from the liver bed.
This surgery is fast becoming the choice surgical treatment method for gallbladder removal today.
What are the risks associated with Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most preferred methods of performing a gallbladder removal surgery as it is less painful and has a faster recovery time as compared to the conventional open-type surgery.
Surgical complications such as infection and bleeding are rarely seen after this surgery and the procedure is usually done as an outpatient procedure. Sometimes an injury to the common bile duct may occur due to surgical mishap and cause leakage of bile which in turn might cause an infection. Abdominal peritoneal adhesions, gangrenous gallbladders and other such problems are also seen in around 5% cases after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
What are the advantages of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is advantageous mainly due to its minimally invasive procedure. This allows for less pain and discomfort after surgery as well as decreases the recovery time and the hospital stay required after the surgery to considerably low levels. This surgery is very useful in relieving the painful symptoms of the gallbladder problems as well as working towards preventing recurrence of gallstones, etc.