Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy – An Overview
A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses laparoscopic technique to remove an ovarian cyst (abnormal growth). This is a highly efficient and effective method for removal of not only ovarian cysts, but also of other similar problems such as adhesions, pelvic infections as well as fibroids.
This surgery aims to remove any form of non-cancerous cyst that is the cause of several painful or uncomfortable symptoms, this procedure is mainly called as a cystectomy, but the ovary is left intact.
Results and Recovery after Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment
This surgery is mostly performed after administering general anaesthesia to the patient in order to avoid any sort of discomfort or pain during the surgery.
As the laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment is performed using minimally invasive surgical technique, the patient is likely to be discharged within a day of the surgery and can resume normal everyday activities immediately.
Strenuous exercise or activity needs to be avoided for around 5-7 days after the surgery.
In case a laparotomy (conventional surgical procedure) is used then the patient usually needs around 2-4 days of hospital stay for recovery from the surgical procedure and the resuming of normal activities is also prolonged up to 4-6 weeks, hence, the laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment is advantageous comparatively.
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cyst
The diagnosis for ovarian cyst usually consists of a physical exam initially, in which the doctor seeks for other causes that might be causing the symptoms.
The patient’s medical history is also reviewed to check for any other underlying medical condition or disorder that might be causing the symptoms.
The doctor might follow up with a comprehensive blood test and a urine test to determine the presence of an ovarian cyst. The doctor might also use computerised tomography (CT) scans, ultrasound test or an electrocardiogram (ECG) to check for the exact location and size of the ovarian cyst.
Need for Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment
A surgery might be required to confirm the diagnosis of an ovarian cyst or for its removal as it might be causing painful and uncomfortable symptoms. It is also required at times to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer.
A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment might be advised when:
- Abnormal mass (cyst) is detected in both the ovaries
- An ovarian cyst is larger than 3 inches
- An ovarian cyst persists for more than 2-3 months under observation
- An ultrasound test confirms that the ovarian cyst is not a simple functional cyst
- The doctor might be concerned that the abnormal ovarian growth (cyst) might give rise to ovarian cancer
Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment procedure
A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove non-cancerous abnormal growths (cysts) from the ovaries. The laparoscopic method uses a system of small and thin flexible surgical tubes.
One of these tubes is attached with a cold light-source and a high-definition video camera. The other similar tubes are attached with special miniaturised surgical tools that are required during the surgery.
This surgery begins with the administration of general anaesthesia to the patient in order to avoid any form of pain or discomfort during the surgical procedure. The surgeon will then make a few (2-3) very small (keyhole) incisions in the abdomen, just below the navel.
Next, a laparoscope attached with the video camera will be inserted initially. This helps the surgeon to get a clear and detailed view of the cyst in the ovary, on the video monitor. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the abdominal cavity to enlarge it for more convenience during the surgery.
The surgeon will then insert the other laparoscopic tubes with the surgical instruments to gently cut (remove) the cyst from the ovary. The surgeon might also choose to remove a small portion of the surrounding tissue for biopsy, to rule out the possibility of the cyst being an indication towards the development of ovarian cancer.
The surgeon will remove the laparoscopes and then use stitches, or surgical staples, to close the tiny incisions.
Success Rate of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment
A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is required to remove the cyst from the ovary and at the same time preserving the ovaries for future fertility.
Although there are risks of cysts recurring in the ovaries even after a previous cystectomy, this risk can be removed by performing an oophorectomy (complete removal of ovaries).
Risks associated with Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment
These are certain risks that are seen in rare cases after a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment has been performed:
- Recurrence of ovarian cysts even after a cystectomy
- Pain is not relieved
- Scar tissue (adhesion) may be seen in the ovaries, fallopian tube or in the pelvis due to the surgery
- Infection at the incision site
- Bowel/bladder damage during surgery
- Blood clots
- Organ damage
- Vascular (blood vessel) damage
Connect with Travcure for Efficient and Affordable Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy Treatment
Travcure in the largest and the most popular medical tourism service providers in India. It has a strong connection to a large network of global-class hospitals and healthcare facilities, in all parts of India. Travcure aims to provide every patient with the best and most efficient laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy treatment in India at the most affordable cost.