What is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?Acute myeloid leukemia is a form of blood cancer which results due to abnormal growth of the bone marrow cells. Bone marrow cells are supposed to develop into mostly white-blood cells but due to a condition they fail to do so and the cells continue to grow abnormally in an unnatural number. These immature cells are also known as ‘blast cells’ and these cells are known to spread to other parts of the body, such as lymph nodes, liver, spleen, testicles, brain and the spinal cord through the blood vessels.
What are the causes of Acute Myeloid Leukemia?These are some of the factors that increase the chances of acute myeloid leukemia in a person:
- Exposure to hazardous chemicals such as benzene as well as some detergents, paint strippers and cleaning products.
- Certain chemotherapy drugs combined with radiation therapy.
- High radiation exposure.
- Some blood disorders (chronic myelogenous leukemia).
- Some congenital conditions (Down syndrome).
What are the signs and symptoms of Acute Myeloid Leukemia?These are some of the more commonly seen signs and symptoms that indicate towards acute mueloid leukemia:
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of weight
- Recurring fever
- Shortage of red blood cells causes – Shortness of breath, dizziness, feeling cold, fatigue and constant weakness.
- Shortage of normal white blood cells causes – Recurring fever and constant infection.
- Shortage of blood platelets causes – Excessive bruising, frequent nose-bleeds, bleeding in gums and excessive bleeding from even minor cuts.
- Bone/joint pain
- Leukemia cells in the spleen and liver may cause a swollen belly.
- Rashes or lumps on the skin.
- Blurred vision, seizures, vomiting and difficulty in maintaining balance.
- Lymph nodes may become enlarged.