What is a Mammaplasty?A mammaplasty is also known as ‘mammoplasty’ or ‘mastoplasty’ and refers to a number of surgical procedures that are performed with the aim to reshape or modify breasts in order to improve their appearance. There are basically two types of mammaplasty procedure:
Augmentation mammoplastyThis mammaplasty procedure is performed to increase the size, modify the shape as well as improve the texture of breasts. It may involve fixing a breast implant. This is mostly a cosmetic procedure done when the woman wishes for larger breast size, mainly after a mastectomy (breast removal) procedure.
Reduction mammoplastyThis procedure is usually performed to decrease the size, change the shape as well as improve the texture of the breasts to the patient’s preference. It involves removing portions of the breast tissues. This is mostly performed as a reconstructive procedure following a mastectomy (breast removal) procedure.
What is a Mammaplasty procedure?Both types of mammaplasty procedures share certain procedural techniques. Let us take a look at how an augmentation mammaplasty and reduction mammaplasty is performed:
Augmentation mammaplastyThis procedure is performed to increase the size and improve the shape of the breasts. There are various reasons for choosing a breast augmentation (augmentation mammaplasty) by a woman. Some may feel that their breasts are too small in size, some may desire augmentation after a pregnancy resulted in loose breasts or to correct asymmetric breasts. Most breast augmentation procedures involve breast implants that are placed under or over the chest muscles. The incision may be made in the armpit, areola or the lower breast fold. Mostly these procedures are performed in a minimally invasive manner with smaller sized and fewer number of incisions. Augmentation mammaplasty is also done with the help of an endoscope. Breast implants are silicone shells filled with either saline solution or silicone gel and come in various sizes. Mostly, breast implants with saline solution are generally used in breast augmentation procedures. The augmentation procedure involves the cosmetic surgeon making incisions in either the armpit, areola or under the breast fold. The surgeon will then shift the underlying muscles and other tissues from the chest area. This space that has been created will be used to fix the breast implant device. The implant is fixed either under the chest muscles or over them, according to the surgeon’s discretion.