What is a Microdiscectomy?
A microdiscectomy procedure is a least invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove a herniated disc from the lower back (lumbar region) that is causing undue pressure on the spinal cord or a nerve root.
This procedure uses a special microscope to view the nerves and discs better that helps the surgeon in being more precise and accurate for this delicate procedure.
What are the signs and symptoms for requiring a Microdiscectomy?
These are the main signs and symptoms that indicate you might require a microdiscectomy surgery:
- Pain in the leg that persists along with lower back pain.
- Tingling, numbness and weakness in the leg.
- Pain in the buttock or the lower back that is continuous in nature.
- Loss of bladder control.
What are the common causes that result in a herniated disc of the lower back?
These are the causes that result in a herniated disc of the lower back (lumbar) region which require a microdiscectomy procedure for treatment:
- Disc degeneration – wear and tear as a result of old age
- Injury due to sudden twisting of the back
- Injury due to sudden and heavy strain on the back
- Repetitive activities that put strain on the lower back can also cause injury to the lumbar disc
What are the risks associated with a Microdiscectomy?
There are certain risks or complications that you might face as a microdiscectomy is in itself a critical and complex surgery.
These are some of the risks and complications that might arise due to a microdiscectomy:
- Cerebrospinal fluid leakage – This is also known as a ‘dural tear’ but it does not affect the success of the surgery. This can be prevented and treated with the patient taking complete bed rest for the leakage to heal naturally.
- Nerve root damage
- Inconsistent bladder and bowel
These are the typical risks involved in a microdiscectomy of the lumbar region however these complications are seen in very rare cases.
What are the treatment options for a herniated disc in the lower back?
There are a few treatment options for a herniated disc in the lumbar region (lower back) and the surgeon will suggest the most efficient method of treatment for you depending on certain factors such as the duration of having gotten the symptoms, severity of the symptoms, nature of the symptoms such as presence of numbness and weakness as well as the age of the patient.
The two main aims of any type of treatment for lumbar region herniated discs are:
- To alleviate the pain and
- To allow the patient to return to normal daily activities
These are the types of treatment used for herniated discs in the lower back:
The doctor will initially advise certain non-surgical treatment methods such as medications and physical therapy that are aimed at alleviating the pain of the herniated disc in the lower back and give it a chance to heal.
Chiropractic and physiotherapy
In case the pain is seen to be continuous for 2-4 weeks the doctor will advise a regimen of chiropractic manipulation usually combined with physical therapy. This therapy aims to reduce the pain in the lower back and legs as well helping the patient to resume daily activities in a normal manner.
Certain medicinal drugs can be used to reduce the patient’s pain and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help to reduce the swelling and inflammation seen in the herniated disc.
Epidural steroid injection
This treatment method includes administering steroid medicines through either an oral dosage or an epidural injection that can help reduce the inflammatory symptoms to a great level.
There are basically three different methods of performing a surgery to treat a herniated disc of the lower back. These are:
Open surgery –
This is the conventional method of surgery that involves making an incision in the lower back, right above the herniated disc. The surgeon will then remove the herniated disc that is causing the painful symptoms by pressing against the spinal cord or the nerve root.
This procedure is a bit more advanced than the open surgical method for treating a herniated disc in the lower back. In this procedure the surgeon is assisted with a special powerful microscope to view the herniated disc and its surrounding nerves and tissues in a better way. This allows the surgeon more precision and also uses smaller incisions that lower the risk of damage to the surrounding nerve tissue. A surgeon will perform a ‘laminotomy’ (also known as ‘laminectomy
’) to remove a small piece (lamina) of the affected vertebra to get better access to the herniated point.
Micro-endoscopic surgery –
This surgery is a minimally invasive type of surgery that is done with the help of a small and thin tube (endoscope) and requires smaller incisions as well as lesser time for the procedure. This endoscope is attached with a small light and a camera that helps the surgeon get a better view of the herniated disc and tiny instruments attached to other similar endoscopes are used to remove the herniated disc without damaging the surrounding tissues and nerves.
Why to choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for treatment of herniated disc using a Microdiscectomy in India?
Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are well known for their diligence and efficiency in providing all the comfort and hospitality expected by individual patients. Travcure consultants ensure that the patient’s stay in India for the duration of the Spine Surgery
like Microdiscectomy for a herniated disc in the lower back in India is successful and hassle-free. Apart from that Travcure is known for offering the lowest cost package to its patients for undergoing a Microdiscectomy in any of the vast number of world-class hospitals and clinics in all the major cities in India.[free_quotes_and_consultation]