Obstetrician/Gynecologist is commonly abbreviated as OB/GYN serve as primary physicians & as consultants to other physicians. They are specialists who provide medical & surgical care to women with particular expertise in disorders of the female reproductive system, pregnancy & childbirth. Obstetricians are physicians who have completed education & training in management of pregnancy, labor & time-period following childbirth called pueperium while gynecologists are educated & trained physicians concerned with the health of female reproductive system including diagnosis & treatment of diseases & disorders.
Obstetrics & Gynecology deal with the medical disorders of the female reproductive system including problems associated with pregnancy, delivery & postnatal care. Organs coming under this medical field include vagina, uterus, ovaries & breasts. Most modern Gynecologists are also Obstetricians since spheres of the two overlap each other. Relative treatments normally include routine primary & preventive care, pregnancy, delivery, menopause followed by medical or surgical management. Gynecologists may either employ medical or surgical therapy or both which will eventually depend upon the nature of your problem.
Some common Obstetrics & Gynecological disorders include uterine fibroids, irregular menstruation, pregnancy complications, menopausal complications, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), vaginal yeast infection, endometriosis, pelvic floor dysfunction, vulvodynia, sexually-transmitted diseases (STD) & pre-cancerous & cancerous abnormalities.
India is a specialist destination for Obstetrics & Gynecological procedures. Obstetrics & Gynecological treatment costs in India are affordable & just a fraction of what you normally pay in the western developed countries. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a large variety of healthcare problems, it is no wonder that India is one of the most favored global health care destinations today.
Common Obstetrics & Gynecological Disorders
Some common Obstetrics & Gynecological disorders include -
- Uterine Fibroids
- Irregular Menstruation
- Pregnancy Complications
- Menopausal Complications
- Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
- Vaginal Yeast Infection
- Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
- Sexually-Transmitted Diseases (STD)
- Pre-Cancerous & Cancerous Abnormalities
A large section of problems within this specialty seem to include endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, uterine fibroids, pelvic floor disorders & contraceptive counseling. Treatment services generally offered include endoscopic examination, ultrasound, laparoscopic surgery, Pap tests & colposcopy to evaluate abnormal Pap tests. Infertility treatments in India are world class & are known to deliver comparatively high success rates. As they also are cost-considerate, pregnancy is within reach of common couples around the world facing infertility issues.
Gynecology Treatment in India
Some common Obstetrics & Gynecology diseases include amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual cycles), dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods), menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods), female infertility, cancer of female reproductive organs involving ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina & vulva, prolapse of pelvic organs & infections (fungal – bacterial – viral – protozoal) within vagina (vaginitis), cervix & uterus alongside other vaginal diseases. Best gynecology hospitals in India are managed by competent doctors & well experienced staff to give you positive results.
TRAVCURE Obstetrics & Gynecology Surgery in India
Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure which removes uterus through incision in lower abdomen. This is the area where the baby would grow during pregnancy. Just the uterus is removed in partial hysterectomy & cervix & uterus are removed in total abdominal hysterectomy. In some cases when necessary removal of one or both ovaries along with fallopian tubes is included in total abdominal hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is also performed through incision in vagina which is known as vaginal hysterectomy.
Laparoscopic or robotic surgical approaches are also employed for hysterectomy where long & thin instruments are passed through incisions made in abdomen. In case you have a large uterus or if the surgeon would like to check other pelvic organs, abdominal hysterectomy is generally the chosen surgical procedure. Medical conditions calling for hysterectomy include gynecologic cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapsed, abnormal vaginal bleeding & chronic pelvic pain. Hysterectomy is generally safe but it demolishes all chances of pregnancy.
Also known as Tubectomy, Tubal Ligation is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman’s fallopian tubes are clamped & blocked or severed & sealed. Either of these methods is meant to prevent eggs from reaching uterus, though fertilization may possibly occur within fallopian tubes. Tubal Ligation is largely considered a permanent method of female sterilization & birth control. It is a major surgical procedure requiring patients to undergo spinal anesthesia. Usually performed in hospital operation theater setting Tubal Ligation is considered 99% effective in the first year. Tubal implants in India are the best at low cost to serve your need for birth control. In case you prefer minimally invasive approach, affordable Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation treatment in India can be your ideal solution.
Tubectomy is a surgical procedure normally performed to ‘prevent conception by blocking, clamping, dividing & sealing fallopian tubes. Tubal ligation reversal is done to reverse it so as to restore fertility, & is more successful on a healthy tube. The blocked segments are reconnected allowing eggs & sperms to move through the tube once again. After this method the chances for success in pregnancy rate is 80-85%.
Other name is tuboplasty in which fallopian tubes are reopened by clearing the blockages. These blockages can be due to any pelvic inflammatory disease like gonorrhoea or chlamydia. Scar tissue, mucus & debris are cleared so as to restore normal functions of uterus. It is painless & a non-surgical procedure.
Laparoscopic Myomectomy is an outpatient procedure which takes only 3-4 hours depending upon the size & number of fibroids. It is a minimal invasive procedure, in which a small incision is made near belly button & laparoscope is inserted. With the help of surgical instruments the fibroids are removed & the place is stitched back again. This is a tough procedure & is done only by a skilled surgeon. This procedure has extremely less failure rates when compared to traditional surgery.
Also known by the name Uterine Artery Embolization is meant for a woman who is not planning future pregnancy. This procedure is usually done by a radiologist in which blood flow to the fibroids are blocked by making a small incision in femoral artery. It is the best replacement to hysterectomy procedure so as to shrink fibroid.
Bladder contracts & relaxes to control the movement of urine. A pressure is built when there is an urge to urinate. In female anatomy the front wall of vagina supports the bladder. Weakening or loosening of bladder can give rise to problems like difficulty in passing urine, urinary incontinence & painful intercourse. Cystocele & urethrocele conditions are successfully treated with prolapsed bladder surgery.
LEEP or Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure uses thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut abnormal cervical tissue detected during coloposcopy. It can also remove high abnormal tissue inside cervical canal. Also known as Large Loop Excision of Transformation Zone (LLETZ), this surgical procedure is a great alternative to cone biopsy. LEEP involves using iodine solution or acetic acid application to cervix prior to procedure so as to make abnormal cells more visible. Most women patients return to normal activities in 1 to 3 days after LEEP. Common problems after LEEP surgery include mild cramping, dark-brown vaginal discharge in first week & spotting which may occur for about 3 weeks. Associated instructions patients need to heed include that pads should be used in place of tampons, douching should be avoided & to abstain from sexual intercourse for about 3 weeks. LEEP is an excellent effective surgical procedure in cases of abnormal cervical cell changes.
REI – or Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility is surgical subspecialty of Obstetrics & Gynecology addressing hormonal functioning pertaining to reproduction & issues of infertility. Focusing on treatment of infertility, it looks forward to evaluating dysfunctions in female & male reproductive systems. Reproductive Endocrinologists specialize in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), Endometriosis, Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Tubal Factor Infertility, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Fertility-Preservation Techniques, & Congenital Uterine Anomalies alongside other disorders of female reproductive system. Along with medical & surgical treatment of these & associated disorders, Reproductive Endocrinologists also take care of pregnant women including delivering babies.
Gynecological Oncology focuses on cancers of female reproductive system including uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, & vulvar cancer. Time is a vital factor in providing treatments for gynecological oncology. Diagnosis is critical while determining appropriate treatment plans. It is important to consider the nature of the problem to be treated together with the patient’s general medical condition & her expectations. Patient & healthcare team are required to collectively evaluate various gynecological cancer treatment options to arrive at logical conclusions.
Childbirth & age cause women to develop pelvic floor disorders which affect vagina, uterus, bladder & rectum. The beginning of symptoms may be heaviness or pressure in pelvic area or difficulty keeping tampon in vagina. Some women may feel tissue falling out of vagina while others experience involuntary urine loss during activities like sneezing, laughing, coughing or vigorous exercising. Although half of the women experience some of these symptoms in lifetime, very few in fact seek treatment. Most often women are embarrassed by such symptoms & often hesitate to discuss these with physician. These conditions though are not a normal part of aging, therefore need not be endured. There are many ways to correct & manage these symptoms. Along with complete diagnostic evaluation of conditions, a variety of treatment options from drug to physical therapies & surgery are available, including laparoscopy & robotic reconstructive procedures.
Generally called Abortion, Pregnancy Termination is a medical procedure to end pregnancy so that it does not result in birth of a child. Pregnancy is terminated by taking medication or by surgical procedure depending upon the number of weeks after conception. However, Pregnancy Termination is not the same as miscarriage which abruptly ends pregnancy without any medical termination. Women having unwanted pregnancy or facing pregnancy complications can consider this medical option. The most common type of Pregnancy Termination is a surgical procedure called Suction Curette which involves removing the lining & contents of uterus by applying gentle suction with a small plastic tube. This low-risk procedure is normally done between 7 to 12 weeks of pregnancy. It takes just 15 minutes & requires about 4 hours stay at hospital. Another low-risk medical alternative to surgery is the abortion pill which is effective in cases earlier than 1 to 9 weeks of pregnancy. It is almost 98% effective if used within the first 9 weeks of pregnancy.
Other Obstetrics & Gynecology Treatments in India
Obstetrics & Gynecology hospitals in India are some of the best in the world. Capable of treating almost every medical condition relating with the female reproductive system, some other common female healthcare solutions include Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy treatment, Myomectomy for Fibroids treatment, Ectopic Pregnancy Evacuation treatment & Diagnostic Laparoscopic treatment procedures for gynecologic purposes.
Menopause is a normal & natural transition in women’s life typically occurring between ages of 45 & 55, & which could last for about 5 years or more. ‘Menopause’ literally means ‘cessation of monthly cycles’. The end of fertility in female sex is indicated by permanent stoppage of monthly menstruation periods. This is because ovaries have functionally reduced resulting in decreased levels of progesterone & estrogen. Menopause symptoms are a result of this decrease in hormone levels. Nevertheless, specific symptoms & their significance vary from person to person. Technically, menopause is a specific event in a woman’s life which is the day of her last period. Menopause can definitely be confirmed when a woman has missed periods for 12 consecutive months in absence of any obvious symptoms.