Ovarian cancer is a cause of concern among all the women in the world today. It is the 5th
most common cancer after breast cancer, lung cancer
, bowel cancer, & uterus cancer. It is very common in those who have been through menopause but it may also affect women of any age.
What Is Ovarian Cancer?
Any abnormal growths of cells which are of no use are called tumors,& which can be malignant or benign. Ovarian cancer initiates in the ovary, multiplies rapidly& has the ability to spread to other parts of the body. It may spread in the lining of the abdomen, bowel & bladder, lymph nodes, lungs & liver. With advancement of cancer, symptoms may be vague or become more noticeable.
What are Causes of Ovarian Cancer?
Causes of ovarian cancer are -
- Cancer from epithelial tumors is higher if patient has ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer
- Inherited genetic mutations from paternal or maternal sides i.e. family history
- Mutations of BRCA1 & BRCA2 genes linked with cancer
- BRCA gene mutations
- PTEN, STK11, & MUTYH gene mutation
- It is higher if patient already had breast cancer
- PTEN tumor hamartoma syndrome
- Hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- Never being pregnant or breastfeeding
- Fertility treatments
- Use of an intrauterine device
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Estrogen hormone replacement therapy
- Menopause or age
- Hormone replacement therapy
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms can vary but most common are -
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Ovarian torsion
- Pain in the abdomen/pelvic/back or side
- Irregular menstruation
- Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding
- Pain or bleeding after or during sexual intercourse
- Difficulty eating
- Loss of appetite
- Early satiety
- Frequent urination &difficulty in urinating
In Children or Adults
- Irritation of the peritoneum
- Severe abdominal pain
- Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
- Ascites if not diagnosed properly
- Abdominal masses
- Lymph node masses
- Pleural effusion
Types of Ovarian Cancer
There are 3 types of ovarian cancer:
- Epithelial tumours
- siblings Stromal tumours
- siblings Germ cell tumours
Epithelial cell tumor are the most common type of ovarian tumor in which it initiates from the cells on the surface of the ovaries. Stromal tumors affect or start in the cells that produce female hormones. The germ cell tumors may be benign or malignant & originate in cells that produce eggs.
Treatments to Cure Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer treatment involves a combination of surgery & chemotherapy. Both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus , nearby lymph nodes & a fold of fatty abdominal tissue (omentum) where ovarian cancer often spreads is removed with a surgical procedure. If the cancer is detected in the early stage then less extensive surgery is performed. In stage 1 cancer, there may be a possibility to remove only one ovary & its fallopian tube, this may preserve future fertility. After the surgery chemo sessions or chemotherapy drugs are given to kill remaining cancer cells. This can be used initially for a woman having advanced ovarian cancer.
Benefits of Ovarian Cancer Treatment & Surgery
Ob/ Gyn will perform various tests to confirm ovarian cancer such as colonoscopy, ultrasound, imaging tests like Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), & Positron Emission Tomography (PET), barium enema X-rays, blood test, laparoscopy
, chest X-rays, & blood test to look for CA-125. Doctor will use ‘staging’ diagnostic procedure to check cancer advancement & also exploratory laparotomy to confirm or rule out an ovarian cancer diagnosis. Genetic testing is also done so as to rule out family history of ovarian, uterine or endometrial, & breast cancer
The benefit of surgery is that it stops advancement of the cancer because 2 ovaries & associated reproductive organs are removed. If a woman has tumor in one ovary then only the cancerous one is removed & other is preserved for any future pregnancy. The second ovary may also be removed to prevent cancer reoccurrence. Some receive chemotherapy
to kill any remaining cancerous cells in the body which prolong chances of survival. Radiation therapy lessen symptoms of advanced cancer in some patients.
Why Choose India for Ovarian Cancer Treatment & Surgery?
India is a destination for all types of surgeries right from traditional to minimal invasive. Indian medical facilities & laboratoriescomprise of modern computerized equipment to perform diagnostics & surgeries. There are many premium, accredited & super specialty hospitals with state-of-the-art infrastructure. Overall surgery with post-operative care costs is quite affordable in India.Doctors are highly trained in various types ofsurgical procedures. Healthcare staff attend patients round the clock & keep check of allmedical needs.
Best Ovarian Cancer Treatment & Surgery in India
helps you find best ovarian cancer treatment & surgical solutions in India. We provide outstanding medical facilities & cost effective treatment packages from top healthcare giants like Apollo, Fortis, Max & many more. We have Access to top-notch Obstetricians & Gynaecologists
. We always ensure that you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of treatment & services.