What is Partial Knee Replacement surgery?
Partial knee replacement surgery, also known as ‘unicompartmental knee replacement’, is an orthopedic procedure which is used to replace the damaged components of the knee joint.
During this surgery the surgeon will require to replace only certain areas of the knee joints which have been affected, with medical-grade plastic and metal components to treat the condition, symptoms as well as restore normal function of the knee joint.
This surgery requires resurfacing (attaching implants) only to those components of the knee joints that have been affected or damaged. This procedure is performed using minimally invasive surgical methods mostly and requires comparatively smaller incisions for the surgery.
Who is a candidate for Partial Knee Replacement surgery?
People affected with osteoarthritis of the knee which is in its advanced stages and the other non-surgical treatment methods have been unsuccessful, are most ideal for undergoing partial knee replacement surgery.
It is important that the osteoarthritis affects only one compartment of the knee and the person should not be suffering from other conditions such as stiffened knee, inflammatory arthritis, ligament damage, etc.
How is the need for Partial Knee Replacement surgery diagnosed?
The doctor will examine your medical history thoroughly and enquire about the general health status along with the limit of function left.
The location of the pain is vital for diagnosis and people experiencing intense pain only on the inner or outer side of the knee are mostly diagnosed for partial knee replacement.
A total physical examination helps to locate the source of pain as well as determine the range of motion left in the affected knee.
Other diagnostic tests include:
- X-Ray tests – These are helpful in viewing the extent of damage and deformity to the knee joint as well as in identifying the possibility of arthritis.
- MRI scans – These are helpful in looking for damage to the soft tissue of the knee joint such as the cartilage.
How is Partial Knee Replacement surgery performed?
This is a minimally invasive orthopedic surgery and requires general anesthesia in order to keep the patient comfortable and free from pain during the surgical procedure.
The surgeon will then inspect the affected knee joint by making a small incision at the front of the knee. This makes it convenient to check all three compartments of the knee for damage to the cartilage and the bones of the joint as well.
The first step of the partial knee replacement surgery involves preparing the damaged bone-end for the implant. Special saw is used to remove the cartilage from around the damaged compartment of the knee joint.
The surgeon will then remove the excessive cartilage and bone and use similar medical-grade metal or plastic components to recreate the original surface of the knee joint. The surgeon normally uses bone cement (surgical adhesive) for attaching the implant to the bone surface inside the knee joint.
The surgeon will then insert a plastic component between the replaced joints, which is known as a ‘spacer’. This spacer works as a smooth surface between the two joint bones and provides fluid movement between them.
Are there any complications from a Partial Knee Replacement surgery?
As is seen in almost all surgical procedures the partial knee replacement surgery also has certain risks o complications, such as:
- Blood clots
- Nerve damage/injury
- Anesthetic reaction
The surgeon will take every known precaution to prevent any of these complications from arising after a partial knee replacement surgery.
What are the advantages of Partial Knee Replacement surgery?
Medical research has shown various aspects in which the partial knee replacement surgery can be advantageous over complete knee replacement surgery or any other similar procedure.
These are the distinct advantages that a person has when undergoing a partial knee replacement surgery:
- Less painful
- Smaller incisions
- Less scarring
- Less blood loss
- Faster recovery
Why choose Partial Knee Replacement surgery in India with Travcure?
Travcure offers the best and most convenient medical tourism services in India. It is known for its connection to the nation’s largest network of advanced multi-specialty hospitals and clinics spread across all its major cities. Travcure ensures that every patient from abroad gets the best partial knee replacement surgery in India at the most affordable cost.