What is Peritoneal Cancer?
Peritoneal cancer is a type of rare cancer that occurs in the inner thin tissue lining of the abdomen. It is also known to spread rapidly to the rectum, bladder and the uterus as well.
This cancer is caused in the epithelial cells of the peritoneum which is responsible for producing fluids that keep the various organs moving smoothly within the abdomen.
Peritoneal cancer should not be confused with stomach cancer and intestinal cancer. As these cancers originate in the peritoneum, they are therefore called as primary peritoneal cancer.
What are the risks of Peritoneal Cancer?
The primary peritoneal cancer type is more commonly seen in women than in men. Women, who are at a high risk of ovarian cancer, are also at risk of developing primary peritoneal cancer. This is further influenced if the person is suffering from a gene mutation to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
Advancing age is also a risk factor that can increase the chances of development of peritoneal cancer.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Peritoneal Cancer?
Peritoneal cancer is harder to detect in its earlier stages as the symptoms are somewhat vague and not specifically detectable. Symptoms are mostly noticeable when the cancer has developed into its latter stages. The signs and symptoms seen on peritoneal cancer are similar to those seen for ovarian cancer. Most of these symptoms are caused due to the development of fluid in the abdomen.
These are the visible signs and symptoms of peritoneal cancer:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Pain from gas/indigestion signs/swelling/bloating of abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss/gain
- Rectal bleeding
- Vaginal bleeding abnormally
- Shortness of breath
How is Peritoneal Cancer diagnosed?
The initial diagnosis for peritoneal cancer is done through a check-up of the patient’s medical history as well as a thorough physical examination to check for abnormalities in the:
- Fallopian tubes
The other diagnostic test may include:
Ultrasound – Using high-frequency sound waves to produce a clear image of the peritoneum and other surrounding organs.
Blood Test – A CA-125 blood test will help to measure the level of certain chemicals in the blood stream of the patient.
Computerized Tomography (CT) scan – A high-definition image of the affected area us produced using this advanced imaging diagnostic technique.
Biopsy – This requires removing a portion of the tumor to send for detailed analysis in a pathological lab to determine the nature as well as the characteristics of the cancer cells.
How is Peritoneal Cancer treated?
There are several different methods for treatment of peritoneal cancers. The exact type of treatment depends on various factors such as the stage of the cancer, its size and location as well as the patient’s overall health and age.
These are the various peritoneal cancer treatment methods:
Surgical treatment is not only helpful in diagnosis of the peritoneal cancer it is also required for treating the cancer by removing the tumor. The surgeon will remove every portion of the abdomen that is affected by the peritoneal cancer, such as the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus, etc.
Depending on the stage (progress/spread) of the peritoneal cancer, the surgeon might be required to remove other surrounding tissues or organs as well.
This treatment method uses special medicinal drugs that are designed to attack and destroy the cancerous cells only. This treatment may be performed by administering the drugs through oral or intravenous methods (injection/catheter), which is also commonly known as intra-peritoneal chemotherapy.
Why choose Travcure for Peritoneal Cancer Treatment in India?
India is well-known for its large network of world-class healthcare facilities spread over all its major cities. These are global-standard multi and super specialty hospitals or clinics that are equipped with the latest and most advanced medical technology and instruments. Travcure is well-connected to this advanced medical network to provide the most effective and advanced medical care and treatment for all its patients. Travcure offers a bespoke treatment package that allows for the most convenient, advanced and affordable peritoneal cancer treatment in India.