A posterior cruciate ligament is one of the main ligaments in the knee joints and is situated at the back of the knee. This ligament connects the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) and provides essential support and stability required by the knee joint.
A posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) may get damaged due to a severe injury to the knee. An injury to the PCL is almost always accompanied by injuries to the surrounding cartilage and bones in the knee region.
How Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) surgery works?
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) gets damaged less often than the anterior (front) cruciate ligament in the knee. It requires a tremendous amount of force to cause damage to the PCL and thus requires an extensive surgical treatment. The PCL may get injured due to a severe and forceful trauma to the knee and is more often accompanied by injuries to the surrounding bones ad cartilage in the knee joint.
The type of injury to the ligament is classified into three categories to evaluate the severity of the injury as well as the type of surgical treatment required to correct it. These are the grades given to an injury to the posterior cruciate ligament:
- Grade 1 sprain – The ligament suffers mild damage and is slightly stretched in this case. The joint is stable in this type if ligament injury.
- Grade 2 sprain – In this the ligament stretches extensively and becomes significantly loose. This is also known as a ‘partial tear’ of the ligament.
- Grade 3 sprain – This is the most severe form of ligament injury that causes the ligament to suffer a complete tear. The ligament is torn into two pieces and results in the knee joint becoming unstable.
Depending on the severity of the ligament injury the orthopedic doctor/surgeon will suggest the best type of treatment for you.
The non-surgical types of treatment involve resting and applying ice-packs to the injury to physical therapy sessions, and in cases of severe injury, a surgical treatment may be required.
The most common type of surgery to treat posterior cruciate ligament injury is the use of tissue graft to rebuild/replace the ligament using a donor graft or a grafted tissue from your own body.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Repair surgery procedures
After a detailed diagnosis of the injured posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) the doctor will perform certain tests to determine that you are physically fit to undergo a major surgery to replace the injured ligament in the knee.
A surgery is mostly required in Grade 3 sprain type of injury to the ligament. The surgeon will either use a graft tissue from a donor bank (cadaver) or else source the ligament replacing tissue from your own body (autograft). Usually, multiple surgeries may be required in cases of severe ligament as the surrounding cartilage and bones are also injured in such cases.
As the ligament cannot be repaired by reattaching the torn ends together the doctor/surgeon will replace the torn ligament with the tissue graft. An auto-graft is usually sourced from your leg to act as the posterior cruciate ligament.
This surgery is today performed using minimally invasive surgical method called as ‘arthroscopy’. This surgery method requires the surgeon to make very small (keyhole) incisions around the knee and inserting the arthroscope to view the injuries as well as use tiny surgical instruments to complete the ligament grafting procedure.
This minimally invasive method is gaining more popularity as compared to the conventional open-type of surgery due to its advantage of being less invasive and requiring less amount of time at the hospital for recovery from the surgery.
Who is a candidate for a Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Repair surgery?
You are considered an ideal candidate for a posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) repair surgery if you experienced:
- A direct and severe blow to the front of the knee
- A pulling or unnatural stretching of the ligament
- A simple misstep causes disability in moving
You may also experience:
- Constant pain with inflammation swiftly after the injury
- Swelling in the knee that make sit stiff and causes a limping gait
- Difficulty in walking normally
- Weakness in the knee when supporting your weight
Benefits of Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Repair surgery in India
India is popular for offering the best kind of orthopedic treatment. There is a large network of global-standard orthopedic specialty hospitals and clinics that are equipped with the latest and most modern surgical equipments. These hospitals and clinics are situated in major Indian cities such as Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore, Delhi, etc to facilitate easy and efficient treatment tour for the patients. These hospitals and clinics are aimed at providing the best surgical treatment at the most affordable prices.
Complications associated with Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Repair surgery
As with any other type of major surgery there are certain complications that are seen in rare cases after a posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) repair surgery, such as:
- Blood clot
- Anesthetic reaction
These are the, rarely seen, complication that may arise after a PCL repair surgery although the doctor/surgeon will take every possible preventive measure to avoid these complications from occurring.
Connect with Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Repair surgery in India
Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants is one of the most chosen medical tourism companies in India that offer the best treatment at the most affordable cost. Travcure is well connected to the vast network of orthopedic specialty hospitals and clinics in all major cities of India. Travcure offers every individual patient a bespoke and budget-friendly package of treatment to make their stay in India a successful and a pleasant one.