Traditionally, cardiac surgery is performed through sternotomy & which involves splitting open the patient’s breastplate in order to approach the heart. Minimally invasive heart surgery techniques, however, enable cardiac surgeons to perform the same operations through smaller incisions. Robot-Assisted Heart Surgery is also another type of minimally invasive heart surgery technique which utilizes a robotically controlled 3D camera & more dexterous robotic instruments for performing a variety of cardiac procedures through small keyhole incisions. The degree of visualization & precision achieved by robotic heart surgery technique is extraordinary & would be extremely difficult or impossible to realize with hand-held surgical operations. Though results of robotic heart surgery vary from one individual to another, they invariably allow cardiac patients to return to normal activity much faster in comparison with open-heart surgery.
More about Robotic Heart Surgery
Although robotic instruments are much smaller (maximum 8 mm in diameter) in size, they have the same dexterity & range of motion like a surgeon’s hands. Moreover, the robotic system helps in smoothing the surgeon’s hand & finger movements with help of a ‘fly-by-wire’ approach which is similar to the ones used in modern jet aircraft. Unwanted movements like tremors from the surgeon’s hands are therefore eliminated by using the robotic system. Moreover, the ability to precisely control robotic system’s high-definition 3D camera & easily steer it into position allows for excellent visualization. However, highly trained & experienced cardiac surgeons & an equally experienced surgical team is required for performing robotic heart surgery. Robotic heart surgeons typically sit at a console within the operating room, but slightly away from the patient & control instruments while looking at 3D images from the camera at the operation site inside the patient. Nevertheless, the robotic cardiac surgeon will control the robot at all times & the robot is incapable of doing anything without the surgeon’s direction. The end result is that the robotic surgery team will flawlessly achieve a high level of performance as desired from the surgical intervention.
Good Candidates for Robotic Heart Surgery
Most heart patients, barring a very small population are well suited for robotic heart surgery procedures. Patients who are not good candidates for robotic heart surgery are most often the ones who are having issues in several areas of the heart & would, therefore, be able to benefit more from the open-heart surgical approach. However, robotic heart surgery is most often a preference of the cardiac patient who will eventually decide if this is what they want to undergo. After having decided to undergo robotic heart surgery, cardiac surgeons will put them through an extensive screening procedure in order to avoid any potential complications that may arise from the operation.
Benefits of Robotic Heart Surgery
The most common benefit of robotic heart surgery which is visible to the naked eye is the actual incisions. These are keyhole types & much smaller in comparison to the open-heart sternotomy incision down the chest. Other advantages of robotic heart surgery are in terms of recovery which is far more rapid & most patients are ready to resume normal everyday activities, including getting back to work, within a couple of weeks time following surgery. Quickly bouncing back from cardiac operations is one of the nicest improvements made possible due to robotic heart surgeries. Presently, robotic heart surgery is utilized for multiple heart-related procedures like valve surgeries, single or double coronary artery bypass, heart defect repairs & cardiac tissue ablation.
Robotic Heart Surgery Procedure
These are a typical order of events which are most likely to occur during robotic heart surgery operations.
- The patient will be put under the influence of general anesthesia for the surgical operation & a breathing apparatus will be attached.
- Cardiac surgeon will then make a series of keyhole-sized incisions which are required for the operation. These will typically be located on the side of chest aligning with the openings between the ribs of the patient.
- Many precision-guided robotic arms will be inserted through these incisions depending upon the type of heart procedure which is to be performed.
- Robotic arms are meant to hold & manipulate tiny instruments for performing necessary tasks upon the heart & surrounding arteries as well.
- Through another incision, a tiny video camera is inserted & which is meant to provide magnified 3D images of the operation site.
- The robotic cardiac surgeon sitting at a special console located within the operating room will control the camera & the robotic arms.
- Cardiac surgeon will finally remove the robotic instruments & close incisions on completion of the robotic heart surgery.
Immediately after Robotic Heart Surgery
After completion of the robotic heart surgery, patients are moved to the recovery area & where they will be closely monitored. Most robotic heart surgery patients can expect a relatively shorter stay at the hospital & which is usually half as long when compared to the traditional open-heart surgery procedure. Once the pain is under control & the patient is able to retain liquids without nausea & vomiting is typically considered a good time for discharge from the hospital. However, the heart patient will also have to pass a number of laboratory tests in order to qualify for discharge.
Recovery Following Robotic Heart Surgery
Less invasive nature of robotic heart surgery suggests that heart patients can expect lesser scarring on the chest after the operation. While traditional open-heart surgery leaves a 10-inch long scar in the middle of the chest after the procedure, robotic heart surgery manages with a handful of small scars located on the side of the chest. Postsurgical pain is also found to go away much faster following robotic heart surgery in comparison to the conventional type of operation. Returning to normal activities is also much quicker with robotic heart surgery & most people are even back to work within 3 weeks of time following operation. However, specific recommendations regarding the type of activities which are safe will be provided by the cardiac surgeon. Follow-up appointments are usually scheduled after robotic heart surgery in order to check upon progress. Patients should, however, make sure to notify the cardiac surgeon immediately in case they develop symptoms like discomfort or chest pain after robotic heart surgery. Although complications are quite rare following this procedure, they are still possible in cases & is, therefore, important to carefully monitor for symptoms & promptly report them to the cardiac surgeon when they occur.
Robotic Heart Surgery Range of Treatments
Robotic cardiac surgeons rely upon the latest technology which includes high-definition imaging capabilities & robotic instruments which provide the finest treatments for ailments of the heart. Heart surgery treatments which can typically take the robotic route include the following.
- Mitral Valve Repairs
- Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass (MIDCAB)
- Totally Endoscopic Coronary Bypass
- Atrial Fibrillation Surgery
- Atrial Septal Defect Closure
- Robotic Implantation of Heart Failure Devices
Why Choose Travcure for Robotic Heart Surgery
Robotic heart surgery requires highly skilled & specially trained cardiac surgeons along with the latest technology & which is routine for Travcure Medical Tourism. Robotic cardiothoracic surgeons associated with Travcure are among some of the worlds’ most experienced & have performed thousands of robotic cardiac procedures. Healthcare experts associated with Travcure come from a variety of disciplines & utilize the latest imaging & robotic technology for delivering surgical treatments which are less painful & involve shorter recovery time. Moreover, robotic heart surgery treatment packages offered by Travcure are the most competitive when compared to availability of similar treatments in other parts of the world.