What is Root Canal treatment?
A root canal treatment is performed to save and repair a severely decayed or infected tooth. The ‘root canal’ is a natural cavity within the centre of the tooth. This root canal has a soft centre with the pulp in it. The nerve of the tooth is also in this pulpy canal.
What to expect during a Root Canal procedure?
In case the tooth’s pulp or nerve tissue gets damaged the bacteria in the mouth start to infect the pulp chamber within the tooth centre. The bacterial accumulation and other decaying debris can cause an infection or an abscessed tooth. The abscess causes pus to form in the pulp chamber till the roots of the tooth.
An infection in the root canal can also cause a swelling that spreads to other areas in the face, head or neck. Infection in the root of the tooth is also responsible for causing bone loss around the tip of the root.
A root canal is required to remove the infected pulp chamber and the root along with parts of the decayed and infected tooth so as to prevent the infection from spreading and affecting other teeth and further on. A root canal procedure is also necessary to fill the cavity caused by the bacteria in the affected tooth to prevent the infection from recurring.
What is the procedure of performing Root Canal treatment?
A root canal procedure is performed by an orthodontist or a dentist. The dentist will take an x-ray to determine the shape of the canal and check for signs of infection in the teeth as well. The dentist then uses local anesthesia to numb the area near the tooth. The dentist might uses a small sheet of rubber to keep the area around the infected tooth dry before procedure with the procedure.
The dentist makes an access hole into the tooth with the help of a dental drill. This helps the dentist to remove the bacterial infected pulp along with the decayed nerve and other broken pieces of the tooth.
The dentist uses a tiny instrument called a ‘root canal file’ to remove the infected parts of the tooth. The dentist uses a series of files with increasingly larger diameters consecutively to scrape the inside of the tooth canal and then use water or sodium hypochlorite to wash away the debris.
Once the dentist is sure that the inside of the affected tooth is completely cleaned the dentist will usually advise you for a next visit after a week to seal the hole in the tooth. The dentist uses sealing paste and gutta percha (a form of rubber compound) to fill the cavity in the operated tooth. A dental crown might also be used to restore the shape of the tooth in case the tooth has weakened as a result of severe decay. This crown will strengthen the tooth and help it perform normally.
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Tips to look after Root Canal treatment
- Avoid eating right after the procedure, at least till the numbness wears off completely as there is a risk that you might bite your tongue or cheek
- Avoid chewing or biting with the treated tooth until it has been restored completely
- Ensure that you brush and floss your tooth as normal
- Ensure that the temporary filling stays in place until the restoration procedure is completed
- Contact your dentist if – swelling is seen inside or outside the mouth, an allergic reaction (such as a rash, itching or hive) is noticed and if your bite feels abnormal.
What are the other Dental Treatments offered by Travcure in India?
Travcure India is well known for providing a vast range of dental treatments at the best and most modernly equipped dental hospitals and clinics in the major cities of India such as Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad, etc. Travcure offers the following dental treatments at the lowest cost at the best dental hospitals:
- Atraumatic tooth extraction
- Children’s preventive dentistry
- Crown lengthening
- Dental restoration
- Dental debridement
- Dental surgery
- Fluoride therapy
- Gum lift
- Open-flap debridement
- Oral / maxillofacial surgery
- Ridge augmentation
- Scaling and root planning
- Sinus lift
- Teeth cleaning
- Tooth whitening