Advances in Stem Cell Therapy have shown tremendous promise in helping resolve a wide range of health-related issues including injuries & diseases. The potential is evident in the way it has helped save lives of thousands of children affected with leukemia. However, current applications & treatments using stem cells though limited are yet encouraging & suggesting that there is so much more to learn. Research & development of Stem Cell Therapy in India is in league with progress in the west. Distinguished stem cell surgeons in India have worked & contributed on global scale presenting papers & attending seminars on the subject. Healthcare in India is of high standards, where updating & switching over to emerging new stem cell technologies is constant process.
Stem cells are immature cells having a potential to transform into different types of cells throughout the body. There are two basic types of stem cells, namely adult stem cells & embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are produced when a newly fertilized egg begins to divide. Stem cell therapy is a very important breakthrough in the field of healthcare. It has shown remarkable results in various medical conditions like cancer, neuro-degenerative diseases, heart diseases, diabetes, congenital defects, vision impairment & many others. In regenerative stem cell therapy these are often used to create living & functional repair of tissues & organs in the body which have been damaged due to age, disease & congenital defects. Stem cells have the ability to go to these damaged areas & regenerate new cells & tissues by performing a repair & renewal process restoring functionality.
Stem Cell Therapy Applications
Stem Cell Therapy is extensively applied in managing the following diseases –
Types of Stem Cells
Because of their extraordinary potential to repair & regenerate damaged tissue, Stem Cells are an exciting area to explore. Current therapies & successes like bone marrow transplantation have opened a flood-gate bringing around several other therapies under investigation involving transplanting stem cells.
Coming from embryos which are 3-5 days old, Embryonic Stem Cells can eventually divide into more stem cells & change to any type of cell within the body. This versatility allows them to be used for regeneration & repairing diseased tissues & organs. Presently limited to use in eye-related disorders like macular degeneration, they are normally about 150 cells in number in embryo stage called blastocyst.
Found in small quantity in most adult tissues like bone marrow & fat, Adult Stem Cells display limited ability to transform into various types of cells within the body. For instance, evidence suggests that bone marrow stem cells can create bone or heart muscle cells as well. Adult Stem Cells are presently also being tested in treatment of neurological disorders.
Blood from umbilical cord contains stem cells which are genetically identical to newborn. These are also multi-potent stem cells, like adult stem cells, with a capacity to differentiate into certain cell types. For this purpose, umbilical cord blood is now stored in banks for possible future use when individuals require stem cell therapy treatment.
Stem Cell Therapies Currently Available
Bone Marrow Transplantation or BMT is presently the only instance of large scale stem cell therapy in common use. Currently, stem cell therapy is limited to blood-forming stem cells derived from peripheral blood, umbilical cord blood or bone marrow. Largely used as stem cell treatment for cancers of blood like leukemia & associated disorders of bone marrow & blood, other therapies are being extensively researched & likely to surface as successful treatments in near future.
Cost of Stem Cell Therapy in India
India is a specialist destination for stem cell procedures. Stem Cell Therapy costs in India are affordable & just a fraction of what you would normally pay in the western developed countries. Excellent stem cell therapy treatments are available with TRAVCURE for autism, osteoarthritis, for facelift, COPD & skin. Offering high-tech stem cell clinics to treat a large variety of healthcare problems, it is no wonder that India is one of the most favored global health care destinations for Stem Cell Therapy today.
TRAVCURE Stem Cell Therapy Treatments
Travcure provides outstanding Stem Cell Therapy in the best hospitals in India. Our 24X7 assistance alongside call & electronic mail services are one of the best you can rely upon. We are associated with the best Stem Cell Therapy specialists who are top experts in the country. We ensure you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of stem cell replacement therapy to overcome all kinds of medical problems including Leukemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Neuroblastoma & Multiple Myeloma.
Stem cell therapy utilized in the treatment of myocardial infarction generally makes use of specific type autologous bone marrow stem cells. Other type of adult stem cells like adipose-derived stem cells can however also be used for this condition. Recovery mechanisms can possibly generate heart muscle cells & stimulate growth of new blood vessels so as to repopulate already damaged heart tissue.
Diabetes patients normally are found to lose function of insulin-producing beta cells within pancreas. Medical scientists in recent laboratory experiments have been able to coax embryonic stem cells turn into beta cells. In case surgeons are able to transplant these beta cells successfully, it would therefore be possible to replace malfunctioning pancreatic cells among diabetic patients.
Stem cells can be effectively utilized to stimulate growth of human tissue. Wounded tissue in adults is normally replaced by scar tissue characterized by irregular vascular structure, loss of hair follicles & disorganized collagen. For tissue regeneration in adults, it is possible to seed stem cells inside wounded tissue bed & allow them to stimulate differentiation. This method is in line with fetal wound-healing response than adult scar tissue formation procedure. However, researchers are still investigating various aspects of ‘soil’ tissue aspects conducive for regeneration purposes.
Researchers have by now successfully transplanted corneal stem cells to damaged eyes so as to restore normal vision. Sheets of retinal fetal cells are transplanted over damaged cornea which eventually stimulate renewed repair & restore vision. Adult stem cells obtained from a relative or even a cadaver has been found to successfully renew & repair vision.
Clinical case reports of Stem Cells treating orthopedic conditions are encouraging. Focus for musculoskeletal care is largely based on mesenchymal stem cells. Quite a few chondral defects of knees have been successfully treated using mesenchymal stem cell transplantation.
Interestingly, hair follicles also contain Stem Cells. Researchers predict these follicles may eventually to success in treating baldness. The treatment is expected to work through activation of existing stem cells on scalp. Coming treatments may simply be able to signal follicle stem cells to let-off chemicals to nearby cells which have shrunk during aging. These in turn will respond to signals by regenerating & producing fresh crop.
Strokes & traumatic brain injuries are found to lead to cell death & which is characterized by loss of oligodendrocytes & neurons within brain. During trial stem cells were injected into stroke patient’s brains. Clinical trials are also being conducted into use of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries.
Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy
Also known as ‘Universal Cell’, stem cells have a unique ability to transform into a variety of cell types in the body. Utilized as the basic building block it is fast becoming a repair-kit for the future. Cord blood & cord tissues which are a 100% match for your babies are important as they provide different types of blood cells when needed. Families who have preserved baby’s cord stem cells will definitely be able to take advantage of a variety of future healthcare stem cell breakthroughs.
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