Stomach Stapling Surgery: Procedure, Risks & Advantages

Stomach stapling surgery

Stomach Stapling surgery

A stomach stapling surgery, also known as vertical band gastroplasty, is a form of restrictive bariatric surgery for weight-control. This surgery aims to create a smaller pouch from the total stomach space in order to reduce the amount of food intake allowed by the stomach. This restriction on the amount of food eventually results in the body burning fat molecules and helping to reduce the weight considerably. This treatment method is additionally effective when combined with a malabsorptive bariatric technique.

Need for Stomach Stapling surgery

Stomach stapling surgery, or gastric banding in general, is one of the most effective surgical techniques that helps an excessively obese person to lose weight in order to avoid the various disorders that arise as a result of obesity. This type of surgery is most useful:
  • You are suffering from morbid obesity (BMI of 40 and more)
  • Other weight-loss (non-surgical) treatment methods have failed to address the problem successfully
  • You are suffering from disability due to the excessive body weight
  • Your BMI is 35 or higher and you are suffering from life-threatening problems due to excess obesity
The doctor/surgeon will take into account various important factors such as your age, level of overall health as well as your medical history to check for any underlying medical condition that might create a complication due to the surgery.

Stomach Stapling surgery procedure

A stomach stapling surgery is basically a restrictive type of bariatric surgery that aims to create a smaller pouch from the total stomach in order to restrict the amount of food intake which in turn helps to reduce the body weight gradually. This surgical obesity-treatment method can be performed using conventional open-type surgery or as a minimally invasive surgery using a laparoscope. Nowadays, this surgery is mostly performed using the minimally invasive laparoscopic method as it is considered to be more efficient and has added advantage over the conventional open type surgical technique. The laparoscope consists of a set of thin and flexible tubes which have a very small in size. One of these tubes is attached with a cold light-source and a high-resolution video camera while the other tubes are attached with special miniaturized surgical instruments required in the particular surgery. The surgery requires administering general anesthesia so as to avoid any form of pain or discomfort to you during the surgical procedure. After the administration of anesthesia the surgeon will make a few (3-4) very small (keyhole-sized) incisions in the abdomen and use the laparoscope camera to get real-time and more detailed view of the stomach and the other instruments to perform the requires procedure. Stomach stapling surgery involves the surgeon using staples to divide the stomach pouch into two uneven pouches with the smaller pouch attached to the intestine while the other (bigger) pouch is separated by sealing it with surgical staples. This makes the size of the actual stomach significantly smaller and allows for less amount of food intake while eating. The smaller pouch gets full comparatively faster and slowly reduces the amount of food that you were used to eating at a time. This restriction of the stomach into a smaller pouch not only lowers the amount of food intake it also significantly slows the pace of the food travelling into the intestines from the stomach allowing for slower metabolism rate. This procedure is often performed in anticipation of another bariatric surgery which requires you to lose additional weight before being performed. This is a major type of surgery but the minimally invasive surgical method reduces the period of time required for hospital stay after the surgery to less than half the time required normally after a conventional open type of stomach stapling surgery.

Risks of Stomach Stapling surgery

As is seen in any major surgery the stomach stapling surgery also faces certain risks that are basically associated with the surgical process rather than the type of surgery. These are the rare risks that might be seen after a stomach stapling surgery:
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding
  • Pneumonia
  • Ulcer
  • Gallstone development
  • Obstruction of food pipe/nausea can be felt at times
  • Poor nutrition
  • Scarring inside the abdomen
Risks associated specifically to the stomach stapling surgical procedure include breaking down of staples. There are rare chances of the stomach juice from leaking into the abdomen and require immediate corrective surgery.

Advantages of Stomach Stapling surgery

The minimally invasive (laparoscopic) method of stomach stapling makes the surgery additionally advantageous due to its less-invasive nature as well as its effectiveness in helping to reduce your weight. The surgery prevents the development of ‘dumping syndrome’ which results in the food to return into the stomach after having passed into the intestine. As this is a restrictive procedure you will not suffer from any sort of nutritional deficiency caused by malabsorption of nutrients. Stomach stapling surgery using laparoscopic techniques is a very effective method for assisting in weight-reduction and avoiding various severe obesity-related medical disorders and diseases. This surgery will help you restore the lost activity level as well as making you overall healthy and give you a boost of self-confidence.
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