Heart diseases are coined to be the leading cause for high mortality rates & this is one of the reasons as to why number of heart valve replacement surgery has doubled over past few decades. Heart diseases are no longer said to affect patients as they age; it is a disease that affects patients in prime years of their lives with deaths occurring both in women & men equally well. Recent statistics have shown that one in ten people above the age of 70 years suffer from valve diseases such as aortic valve stenosis. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgery is referred to as the golden standard for treating such heart valve diseases.
What is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery?
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally invasive cardiac surgery used for replacing narrowed aortic valves that fail to open appropriately (aortic valve stenosis). TAVR is sometimes referred to as Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR). It is usually reserved for patients who are not fit enough to undergo open heart surgery or for patients whom open heart surgery presents too many risks. TAVR is extremely beneficial in relieving signs & symptoms of aortic valve stenosis. It is known to improve survival rates among patients who have high risk from standard heart valve replacement procedures.
Good Candidates for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
TAVR procedure is primarily reserved for those patients whom an open heart surgery poses an intermediate risk. For instance, patients may not be able to undergo traditional open heart surgery due to several other health issues such as, kidney disease or lung disease which might increase risk of complications. Also, patients who suffer from severe narrowing of aortic valve are considered as good candidates for undergoing Transcatheter aortic valve implantation surgery. TAVR can be a productive option for enhancing the quality of life in patients who otherwise have restricted choices for repairing damaged aortic valves.
Preparing for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Patients need to follow certain instructions while preparing for TAVR surgery. Respective cardiac surgeons & cardiologists will clearly discuss details of what patients can expect during the procedure. Patients can frankly ask any doubts or questions they may have about the procedure.
- Medications – Patients need to disclose the list of medications they consume on a regular basis. Cardiac surgeons may discontinue some of them for a few days.
- Smoking – Patients should quit smoking before TAVR surgery in order to heal faster & avoid any complications post-surgery.
- Allergies – Patients should clearly tell cardiac surgeons about any allergies or reactions they have had to certain medications or anesthesia.
- Food Intake – Patients need to stop eating & drinking 10 – 12 hours before surgery.
Procedure for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
Patients will be evaluated prior to percutaneous aortic valve replacement surgery for ensuring they do not have any risk factors that may affect them during the procedure. Patients may be given a suitable medication for minimizing risk of infection prior to surgery. It is accomplished through the following steps.
- Anesthesia – General anesthesia is given to patients to make them sleep during TAVR procedure.
- Incision – During PAVR, cardiologists may access patient’s heart through a blood vessel in their leg. Alternatively, a small incision is made in the chest for accessing the heart through a large artery or through the tip of left ventricle.
- Catheter – A hollow tube known as a catheter is inserted through the access point. Cardiac surgeons generally use advanced imaging techniques to guide the catheter through blood vessels to the aortic valve of patients.
- Valve Replacement – Once the catheter is precisely positioned, special equipment & replacement valve are inserted. A balloon is inflated to firmly press the replacement valve into appropriate place in the aortic valve. However, some valves can also expand without a balloon. When surgeons are sure that the valve is securely in proper place, they withdraw the catheter from patient’s blood vessel or from the chest incision.
Recovery & Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Surgery
Patients will be monitored in the hospital for a few days after TAVR procedure. Cardiac surgeons may prescribe some essential medications to patients post-surgery. Patients will likely need regular follow-up appointments with cardiologists. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has proven to improve lives of patients with aortic stenosis who cannot undergo any open heart surgery. TAVR has minimized mortality rates due to heart diseases. Patients should follow a healthy lifestyle such as exercising regularly, eating a heart-healthy diet & maintaining healthy weight in order to avoid future complications & to cherish benefits of TAVI surgery.
Affordable TAVR Surgery with Travcure Medical Tourism
Travcure Medical Tourism is a globally reputed medical care service provider. Healthcare experts at Travcure are associated with an extensive network of internationally accredited top-notch multispecialty hospitals in countries like Turkey, Germany, United Arab Emirates, India, & South Korea. These hospitals have well-experienced cardiac surgeons who are efficient in providing high quality cardiac treatments & surgeries such as percutaneous aortic valve replacement procedure. Travcure assures international patients who are seeking treatment for aortic valve stenosis will get the best low cost Transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgery at the desired destination. Exquisite services offered by Travcure allow international patients to enjoy a hassle-free medical tour experience.