What is a Tubal Surgery?
The fallopian tubes are two fine tubes present between the ovaries and the uterus in a woman. A blockage in these fine tubes prevents the sperm to travel from the uterus to the ovaries and fertilize the egg. This blockage causes infertility in the woman. Surgery is mostly recommended to remove the blockage and to allow fertilization of the egg.
There are various types of surgical methods that are used to treat blockage of the fallopian tubes. These are:
This is usually performed to reverse a tubal ligation (removal) procedure done previously as well as to repair any damage caused by a disease or medical disorder affecting the fallopian tubes. This procedure basically involves removing the diseased (or blocked) portion of the fallopian tubes and reconnecting the two healthy ends together. This procedure can be done using either a laparotomy (abdominal incision) or by using a laparoscope (minimally invasive procedure).
Salpingectomy involves treating hydrosalpinx (fluid accumulation) in the fallopian tube by removing a part of the fallopian tube. A salpingectomy assists in successful ‘in vitro fertilization’ (IVF).
Salpingostomy is performed when the end of the fallopian tube closest to the ovary gets blocked due to hydrosalpinx (accumulation of fluid). This procedure is used to create a new opening in the portion closest to the ovary and reconnecting it, thus bypassing the blocked part. At times this procedure can fail as the scar tissue may grow back and block the fallopian tube again.
This procedure helps in reconstructing the fringe ends of the fallopian tube when the part of the tube, closest to the ovaries, gets blocked partially or has scar tissues that prevent the normal movement of the egg.
Selective Tubal Cannulation
This procedure is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses ‘hysteroscopy’ or ‘fluoroscopy’ to remove the blockage seen right next to the uterus.
How many Fallopian Tubes does a woman have?
The Fallopian Tubes, also known as salpinges or uterine tubes, are two very thin tubes that are lined on the inside with hairy epithelia and connect the ovaries to the uterus in a woman.
These two tubes are useful in providing a passage to the egg from the ovary to the uterus. These fallopian tubes are divided into different parts –
- Infundibulum – The part nearest to the ovary.
- Ampullary – The major (middle) part of the fallopian tubes.
- Isthmus – Narrow part that connects to the uterus.
- Interstitial (Intramural) – This transverses the uterine muscle structure.
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What is the success rate of Tubal surgery in India?
The doctors and surgeons in India have a vast experience and an extensive training in performing the intricate surgical procedure required in performing a tubal surgery. These doctors and surgeons are further assisted by the wide network of hospitals and clinics that have the best and most modern surgical and diagnostic instruments at their disposal. All these factors combine to make the tubal surgery in India a huge success with a plethora of recommendation by the thousands of patients who come for tubal surgery to India each year.
Tubal Reversal Surgery vs In Vitro Fertilization: Which is the better choice?
Many a times woman asks this question: as to which is the best option to increase the chances of fertility, tubal reversal surgery or in vitro fertilization (IVF) after having undergone a tubal ligation (removal) surgery. Medical research is in favor of in vitro fertilization (IVF) as it is more beneficial in an economical and medical sense.
Tubal ligation involves removing a part, or complete, fallopian tubes to prevent conception in the woman. Since the fallopian tubes need to be intact for a successful fertilization to occur the tubal ligation surgery pose obstacles in its way.
Tubal ligation involves either cutting (excising) the fallopian tube or burning (coagulating) a part of the tube to prevent pregnancy. The success of a tubal reversal surgery will depend on the extent of coagulation or whether the excised portion of the fallopian tubes can be rejoined.
The quality of the remaining tube also is a major factor in deciding whether the tubal reversal surgery will be successful.
On top of that if the tubal ligation was done by distal salpingectomy, fimbriectomy or complete salpingectomy the tubal reversal surgery is simply not possible.
Advantages & disadvantages of tubal reversal surgery vs IVF
The main advantage of a tubal reversal surgery is that it does not require any follow up treatment and you can get pregnant naturally.
However there are a few disadvantages related to a tubal reversal surgery as compared to the IVF treatment to get pregnant after undergoing a tubal ligation surgery. The most obvious disadvantage is the uncertainty of the remaining fallopian tubes being sufficient in length and quality to perform the tubal reversal surgery. The second disadvantage is that according to medical reports your chances of getting pregnant are lower than 50% after a tubal reversal surgery.
Also, a tubal reversal surgery is very expensive, and combined with the risk of failure, is simply not feasible economically, as compared to the much more simple IVF solution.
Why choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for Tubal Surgery in India?
Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are well-known for being diligent and thorough in their service and professionalism. The team of experts at Travcure is well-experienced in managing complicated cases involving tubal surgery and their expertise in analyzing every individual case efficiently has proven to be more successful. Travcure is better connected to the vast network of the renowned hospitals and clinics that are present in all the major cities in India thus ensuring that your stay and treatment in India goes smoothly without any unnecessary wastage of time. Apart from this the surgery package offered by Travcure is the lowest priced as compared to other consultants making for thousands of happy and satisfied patients coming to India for their tubal surgery.