What is Pediatric Scoliosis?Pediatric scoliosis is a condition in which the child’s spine is abnormally curved, or rotated, sideways. This curving can be mild to severe and restricts movement of the child to a large extent as well as affecting the posture of the child.
What are the types of Pediatric Scoliosis?There are different types of pediatric scoliosis, such as:
Non-structural scoliosisThis type of scoliosis is not caused by a deformity in the spine but is a result of a separate medical condition that makes it curve abnormally. Non-structural scoliosis is usually a temporary condition and can be corrected by treating the underlying medical condition which is causing the curvature of the spine. Leg-length discrepancy, inflammatory conditions and muscle spasms are usually known to cause non-structural type of pediatric scoliosis.
Structural scoliosisThis type of scoliosis is the direct result of a structural discrepancy of the spinal column. It can be caused by an unknown factor, medical condition or a disease. Structural scoliosis is further categorized into different types depending on the cause of the spinal deformity. These are:
Idiopathic scoliosisMost of the time the cause for this type of scoliosis is unknown but it is still the most common type of scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is more prevalent in girls than in boys. Medical research suspects that idiopathic scoliosis is caused due to certain genetic factors.
Congenital scoliosisThis type of scoliosis is seen in the child before birth and s caused due to abnormal bone development in the womb.
Neuromuscular scoliosisThis type of scoliosis is caused by a variety of medical conditions that affect the muscles and nerves, such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, achondroplasia, neurofibromatosis, spina bifida or Marfan syndrome.
Degenerative scoliosisThis type of scoliosis is identified as being caused due to an illness, injury, prior major back surgery, spinal disc degeneration, spine tumors or osteoporosis. Degenerative scoliosis is rarely seen in children.
Early onset scoliosisThis is the type of scoliosis that is seen to affect children below the age of 5 years and is more prevalent in boys as compared to girls.
What are the causes of Pediatric Scoliosis?These are the known causes for the various types of pediatric scoliosis:
- Limb length discrepancy
- Inflammatory medical conditions
- Muscular spasms
- Hereditary factors
- Congenital bone deformity
- Spinal injury/fracture
- Cerebral palsy
- Muscular dystrophy
- Spina bifida
- Mafran syndrome
- Spinal tumors
- Spinal disc degeneration