What is Scar Removal surgery?A scar can be caused by a number of factors such as an excessively aggressive healing process of an injury, burn tissue as well as scars left after a bout of acne. A scar removal surgery is useful in removing the blemishes and marks left by these various factors on your skin and to regain a beautiful and unblemished skin.
What are the different types of Scar Removal surgeries?At times certain scars might not be able to be removed completely but they can be made less visible and inconspicuous through various procedures. Scars not only mark your skin in an unwanted manner but they also can be itchy and painful as well as restrict movement in case of a serious injury or burn. A dermatologist or a cosmetic surgeon will be able to advise you on the most suitable and efficient method of scar removal depending on the sex, age, genes and ethnicity of the patient. Let us take a brief look at the different types of scars: Keloid scars – These are a result of excessively aggressive healing process that leaves the skin blemished beyond the injury site. Sometimes keloid scars can be serious enough to restrict movement. Keloid scars are more noticeable in people with a darker complexion. Contracture scars – Contracture scars are a result of the skin suffering burns. These scars cause the skin to become lightened in color and can hamper movement if they are extended over a large area. At times contracture scars may also be deeper in nature and affect your muscles and nerves. Hypertrophic scars – These scars are identified by their raised and reddish nature but do not extend beyond the injury site. Acne scars – These scars are seen when the person has suffered from a severe case of acne. These can range from deep pitted scars to angular and wave-like formations on the skins. The type of treatment method to remove scars basically depends on the nature, cause and location of the scars. These are the various methods of scar removal:
Corticosteroid injectionsCorticosteroid injections are mostly useful in treating hypertrophic and keloid scars. A number of injections in multiple sessions are administered into the scar to reduce the swelling and to make the scar flat. Although this treatment may not remove the scars completely it can help in reducing the visibility of the scars significantly.
Silicone sheets/gelsThese are over-the-counter pharmaceutical medicines that are useful in reducing the reddish nature and to subdue the effects of the keloid or hypertrophic scars. These are usually needed to be applied to the scar for around 12 hours each day for a minimum of 3 months.
Surgical methodSurgical methods for scar removal is useful in changing the position of the scar, reducing the width of the scar as well as loosening the tightness of the scar near a joint to improve the restricted movement.
Pressure dressingsThis method helps in softening and flattening the scars and are mostly used for skin grafts or bigger scars caused by burns. These pressure dressings are made from an elastic material that has high stretching capacity. These are advised to be worn over the scars for 24 hours for a period of around 6-12 months. These pressure dressings are often used in combination with silicone sheets to be more effective.
Make-upCosmetic camouflage is very useful in hiding scars on the face. Certain scar make-up are also water-resistant in nature and can stay for a long period of time (2-3 days). This scar make-up is available in most general pharmacies and drug stores.
Laser therapyA laser therapy uses light pulses to reduce the reddish looks of a scar by aiming on the underlying blood vessels. In case the scar is a pitted scar laser therapy (re-surfacing laser therapy) can help make the skin flatter to match the surrounding normal skin as much as possible.
Dermal fillersThese are injections of artificial acid that make pitted scars to swell slightly so that it matches the surrounding normal skin. These are administered usually in a number of sessions to get the desired results.
Skin needlingSkin needling requires rolling a multi-needled device over the scar tissue to ‘rub’ the scar into a semblance of the surrounding normal skin.
RadiotherapyLow-intensity radiotherapy may help reduce the return of keloid and hypertrophic scars after surgery.
What are the risks and complications associated with Scar Removal surgery?These are the few and rare risks and complications that you might face after a scar removal surgery:
- Anesthetic reaction
- Scar recurrence or growth
- Change in color
- More noticeable