Vitrectomy – An Overview
A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the soft and gel-like vitreous material from the middle of the eye. This vitreous gel is naturally present in the eye but may become excessively collected inside the eye due an injury or a disorder.
This procedure is most likely to be used as part of a diagnostic procedure of the eye or to treat an eye disorder that affects the natural quantity of the vitreous gel in the eye.
A vitrectomy procedure is performed as a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the portion around the eye in order to avoid pain and discomfort to the patient.
The surgery begins with the doctor/surgeon using small and very fine surgical instruments that are inserted in the eyeball. These surgical instruments are useful in cutting and detaching the vitreous gel from the retina and using a suction-device to suck out the excessive vitreous fluid.
After the doctor removes the accumulated vitreous gel, they may treat the retina using laser (photo-coagulation) and then cut and remove the fibrous or scar tissues from the retina. The doctor will also make the surrounding area of the retina smooth where retinal detachment can be seen or repair any holes or tears in the macula or the retina.
In the end, the doctor will inset gas bubbles or silicone oil into the eyeball in order to lightly push the retina against the wall of the eye. As the silicone oil cannot be absorbed by the body the patient is scheduled for another procedure, later on, to remove the oil after the retinal detachment has healed naturally.
A vitrectomy is performed by an experienced ophthalmologist or an eye-surgeon.
Recovery after a Vitrectomy
After a vitrectomy, the patient will usually require to stay in the hospital overnight. This procedure is also done as an outpatient procedure and the patient is allowed to go home the same day.
The vitrectomy procedure usually lasts for around 2-3 hours and is performed using general or local anesthesia.
Need for Vitrectomy
A vitrectomy is required to:
- Prevent, or repair traction retinal detachment
- Repair large retinal tears
- Decrease loss of vision as a result of bleeding in the vitreous gel (vitreous hemorrhage)
- Treating severe form of eye disorders such as proliferative retinopathy which causes severe scar tissue development, or when the new blood vessels growing on the retina (neo-vascularization) continue uncontrollably even after repeated laser treatments
Success Rate of Vitrectomy
Vitrectomy is known to be highly-successful in improving visual acuity in people who have suffered from vitreous hemorrhage that has not healed naturally.
Surgery can restore some amount of vision only that is lost due to traction retinal detachment and also helps to prevent future detachment.
Possible Risks associated with Vitrectomy
A vitrectomy can cause the intra-ocular pressure in the eye to increase.
There are several other risks that are associated in rare cases after a vitrectomy, such as:
- Continued vitreous gel bleeding
- Retinal detachment
- Corneal edema
- Eye infection
- Cataract formation
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Travcure Medical Tourism Company is India’s largest medical tourism service provider. Travcure is connected to the country’s large network of multi-specialty hospitals and healthcare facilities that are equipped with the latest medical and surgical instruments to allow the highly-experienced ophthalmologists and eye surgeons to perform successful and efficient vitrectomy. Travcure provides the most efficient, hassle-free and affordable vitrectomy procedure in India.