Colostomy – An Overview
Colostomy is a surgical procedure that involves making an opening in the abdominal wall (tummy) in order to allow the surgeon to perform various types of surgical treatments.
This procedure involves threading one end of the large intestine from an abdominal incision (stoma) which is attached to a colostomy bag to collect the waste material being excreted from the large intestine directly out of the body.
The colostomy procedure is not a stand-alone procedure but is accompanied by another surgical treatment. Mostly, a colostomy is done after an injury to the abdomen or after a bowel resection procedure has been performed.
The colostomy procedure requires the surgeon to administer general anesthesia to the patient in order to avoid any pain or discomfort to the patient during the surgical operation.
This procedure is nowadays performed using the latest and more efficient minimally invasive laparoscopic technique as compared to the earlier used conventional open-type surgical approach. This laparoscopic system consists of a number of thin and flexible surgical tubes. One of these tubes is attached with a light-source and a video camera at the end while the other similar tubes of the laparoscopic system are attached with tiny miniaturized surgical instruments that are used for various surgical operations.
There are a variety of approaches that a surgeon can choose to begin with and the exact approach will depend on the combined procedure that is to be performed with the colostomy procedure. It usually begins with an incision to the middle of the abdomen and the surgeon uses the laparoscope attached with the video camera to be inserted into the abdominal cavity in order to get a better view on the video monitor of the operation site.
The surgeon will first perform the combination procedure required, such as bowel resection or intestinal repair.
The colostomy procedure will begin with threading one end of the healthy colon through an opening (stoma) in the abdomen (stomach), mostly on the left-hand side. The edges of the colon are stitched like a pipeline to the mouth of the stoma and a bag (stoma appliance) is attached to the stoma from outside the body. This bag collects all the waste material being excreted by the large intestine.
Types of Colostomy
There are various conditions and diseases that might require a colostomy procedure. These may be temporary or permanent, depending on the nature of the combined surgical treatment with which it is being performed with.
- Temporary Colostomy – Several lower bowel disorders can be treated if the affected portion of the bowel is not used. This is achieved by diverting the waste from before the affected bowel for a short-term period in order to allow the affected lower bowel to heal. Afterwards, the surgeon will reattach the lower bowel to the rest of the intestine and allow normal bowel movements.
- Permanent Colostomy – This colostomy type is required usually when a portion of the rectum or the colon get diseased or are not able to function normally. Permanent colostomy removes the affected portion of the bowel and makes a permanent stoma for stool drainage.
Aim of a Colostomy
A colostomy basically does two things:
- Removes, or disconnects the colon and rectum from beyond the colostomy site
- Removes the anus as the exit for body waste
The intestines work normally after a colostomy and the nutrients are absorbed as usual by the small intestine. The procedure simply changes the storage location of the waste material in the body.
Need for Colostomy
A colostomy is mostly required to treat:
- Abdominal infections (abscess or perforated diverticulitis)
- Injured rectum or colon
- Intestinal obstruction
- Colon or rectal cancer
- Perineum wound or fistulas
Risks associated with Colostomy
There are certain rare chances of risks and complications arising after a colostomy, such as:
- Anesthetic reaction
- Abdominal bleeding (internal)
- Organ damage
- Hernia at incision site
- Prolapse of colostomy
- Blocking/narrowing of stoma
- Scar tissue forming on abdomen resulting in intestinal blockage
- Skin irritation
- Wound breaking open
Connect with Travcure for the Best and Efficient Colostomy in India
Travcure Medical Tourism Company is the leader in providing efficient and affordable medical tour services for foreign patients in India. Travcure is connected to a vast network of world-class standard comprehensive healthcare facilities and multi-specialty hospitals and clinics spread across all major Indian cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, etc. These are highly-advanced healthcare centers that are adept at performing thousands of colostomy procedures every year, with the use of the latest and most modern surgical technologies. Travcure offers each individual patient with a hassle-free, efficient and budget-friendly bespoke treatment package that offers the treatment at world-class facilities.